Solving a coupled pair of differential equations using matrices

I am asked to find the eigenvalues and eigenvectors of the matrix:

I find them as , and ,

The equations I need to solve are: and . These equations are coupled (whatever that means...)

I turn these into a pair of simultaneous equations sort of thing to form the matrix equation , where X' is and

As far as I know, I have diagonalise A which will give me . I know and using the eigenvalues.

So I go along...

Subbing matrices in...

Can someone check if what I've done is correct so far? And if so, am I allowed to expend all the differentials and all the matrices then treat them as simultaneous equations. Also, I'm not too sure how to get rid of the when there is no variable in the equations...

Re: Solving a coupled pair of differential equations using matrices

(The two equations are "coupled" means that each equation involve both of the functions.)

Yes, what you have done so far is correct.

The point is that letting Z= PX, you have

which is equivalent to the **two** "uncoupled" equations

and

Those obviously have solutions and so that

Since , :

Re: Solving a coupled pair of differential equations using matrices

I hope I don't break the rules by posting on this but I believe this question is valid.

I know that it can be proven that the general solution to the D.E can be written as . I just learnt this but I'm not too sure where it came from.

So that makes and which is different to the solutions given by diagonalising matrix A. Am I misunderstanding something here?