A Simple Harmonic Motion Question and Particular Solutions

• Apr 26th 2013, 05:12 AM
mutebutton2012
A Simple Harmonic Motion Question and Particular Solutions
Attachment 28168Attachment 28167

After working through the question in the pictures I have two questions.
Firstly how did they plot the equation and know which parts were amplitude ect?
Secondly how did they find the particular solution? I am not really sure where they got the substitution from in that question.

Thank you!
• Apr 26th 2013, 06:55 AM
topsquark
Re: A Simple Harmonic Motion Question and Particular Solutions
The second question first: Method of undetermined coefficients.

For the first, have you ever encountered the term "envelope?" (Sorry, couldn't find a good definition from the web.) An envelope is kind of a limiting solution. In this case it's a sine wave. As your solution mentions, the sin(delta*t) term has a very long wavelength compared to the other sine term. So sketch the sin(delta*t) term. Then we have a varying amplitude:
$(\text{F term} ) * sin(\omega*t)$
(or so since delta is so small.) This will be a "wave inside a wave." How can you tell? Either graph it using, say, Wolfram|Alpha or you have seen this kind of problem before.

-Dan