# Proving convergence and divergence by Comparison Test

• Mar 29th 2013, 06:14 PM
EliteAndoy
Proving convergence and divergence by Comparison Test
Hi Everyone! Today we were asked to prove $\sum_{n=1}^{\infty}\frac{\ln(n)}{n^2}$ by comparison test. This is a pretty easy check, since the function is positive, decreasing, and continuous at interval $(1,\infty)$. Integral test tells us that this integral shall converge. But the catch is, what would be the sequence input that shall be compared to the original sequence input so that it can be proven by comparison test. I mean, I can't say that $\frac{\ln(n)}{n^2}$ behaves like $\frac{n}{n^2}$ since $n$ behaves way faster than $\ln(n)$. This comparison also makes the comparison test useless since $\frac{n}{n^2}\geq \frac{ln(n)}{n^2}$. On the other hand, you can't also say that $\frac{\ln(n)}{n^2}$ behaves like $\frac{1}{n^2}$ since $\ln(n)$ is a bit faster than $1$. So what I was thinking is saying that $\frac{\ln(n)}{n^2}$ behaves like $\frac{verylargenumber}{n^2}$ as $n \to \infty$. The thing is, however, making the numerator a constant will make the series convergent, but in the long run, will never approach $\infty$. So anyone got any idea on what sequence input should I compare the original sequence to, so that I can prove it by Comparison Test. Thanks everyone in advance!(Wink)
• Mar 29th 2013, 06:36 PM
Prove It
Re: Proving convergence and divergence by Comparison Test
Why use the comparison test when you already have proven its convergence using the integral test?
• Mar 29th 2013, 06:40 PM
EliteAndoy
Re: Proving convergence and divergence by Comparison Test
We were asked to do so. I was suspecting that there is some crazy stuff that I should do to prove it using comparison test, and I won't be able to sleep tonight unless I prove this using comparison test. :D
• Mar 29th 2013, 06:50 PM
Prove It
Re: Proving convergence and divergence by Comparison Test
You could say $\displaystyle \sum{\frac{\ln{(n)}}{n^2}} < \sum{\frac{\sqrt{n}}{n^2}}$ since $\ln{(n)} < \sqrt{n}$ for all n > 0. Simplifying the RHS gives $\displaystyle \sum{ \frac{1}{n^{\frac{3}{2}}} }$, which is a convergent p series.
• Mar 29th 2013, 06:57 PM
Plato
Re: Proving convergence and divergence by Comparison Test
Quote:

Originally Posted by EliteAndoy
Hi Everyone! Today we were asked to prove $\sum_{n=1}^{\infty}\frac{\ln(n)}{n^2}$ by comparison test.

$\frac{\ln(n)}{n^2}=\frac{2\ln(\sqrt{n})}{n^2}\le \frac{2\sqrt{n}}{n^2}\le\frac{2}{n^{3/2}}$
• Mar 29th 2013, 07:10 PM
EliteAndoy
Re: Proving convergence and divergence by Comparison Test
Woah, never thought of setting ln(n) as 2ln(n^(1/2)). Both of your solutions really worked, but Plato cleared it up for me once and for all. Thank you guys for letting me sleep tonight! :D