# Math Help - Derivative with two natural logarithms: Can't figure out which rule to use

1. ## Derivative with two natural logarithms: Can't figure out which rule to use

I'm given $\frac{d}{dx} \ln{(\ln{(2 - \cos {x}}))}$

I know the answer is $\frac{\sin{x}}{(2 - \cos{x})(\ln{2 - \cos{x}})}$

but have no idea which rule I should use, and what I should do to carry it out.

3. ## Re: Derivative with two natural logarithms: Can't figure out which rule to use

Originally Posted by ReneG
I'm given $\frac{d}{dx} \ln{(\ln{(2 - \cos {x}}))}$

I know the answer is $\frac{\sin{x}}{(2 - \cos{x})(\ln{2 - \cos{x}})}$

but have no idea which rule I should use, and what I should do to carry it out.
Suppose that $f$ is a differentiable function.
$\frac{d}{dx} \ln{(\ln{f(x)}))}=\frac{1}{\ln(f(x))}}\cdot\frac{f '(x)}{f(x)}$

4. ## Re: Derivative with two natural logarithms: Can't figure out which rule to use

Alright, so the chain rule says $\frac{d}{dx} g(h(x)) = g'(h(x)) h'(x)$

Substituting in this case, would the first step be $\ln'{(\ln{2 - \cos{x}})} \frac{d}{dx} \ln{(2 - \cos{x})}$

How would I find the derivative of that first outside function?

5. ## Re: Derivative with two natural logarithms: Can't figure out which rule to use

Originally Posted by ReneG
I'm given $\frac{d}{dx} \ln{(\ln{(2 - \cos {x}}))}$

I know the answer is $\frac{\sin{x}}{(2 - \cos{x})(\ln{2 - \cos{x}})}$

but have no idea which rule I should use, and what I should do to carry it out.
You have the function 2 - cos(x) inside a logarithm function, inside another logarithm function. Since this composition is three functions deep, you will need three links in your chain when you use the chain rule, i.e. $\displaystyle \frac{dy}{dx} = \frac{du}{dx} \cdot \frac{dv}{du} \cdot \frac{dy}{dv}$.

We have $\displaystyle y = \ln{\left\{ \ln{ \left[ 2 - \cos{(x)} \right]} \right\} }$. Let $\displaystyle u = 2 - \cos{(x)} \implies y = \ln{ \left[ \ln{ ( u ) } \right] }$, then let $\displaystyle v = \ln{(u)} \implies y = \ln{(v)}$. Then

\displaystyle \begin{align*} \frac{du}{dx} &= \sin{(x)} \\ \\ \frac{dv}{du} &= \frac{1}{u} \\ &= \frac{1}{2 - \cos{(x)}} \\ \\ \frac{dy}{dv} &= \frac{1}{v} \\ &= \frac{1}{\ln{(u)}} \\ &= \frac{1}{\ln{ \left[ 2 - \cos{(x)} \right] }} \end{align*}

So $\displaystyle \frac{dy}{dx} = \sin{(x)} \cdot \frac{1}{2 - \cos{(x)}} \cdot \frac{1}{\ln{\left[ 2 - \cos{(x)} \right]}} = \frac{\sin{(x)}}{\left[ 2 - \cos{(x)} \right] \ln{ \left[ 2 - \cos{(x)} \right] }}$.

6. ## Re: Derivative with two natural logarithms: Can't figure out which rule to use

You never cease making such a rigorous subject so easy to understand. I greatly appreciate it, thank you!

7. ## Re: Derivative with two natural logarith: Can't figure out which rule to use

Refer attached solution.