I was wondering if anyone knew rigorous proofs from the following properties of Taylor series:
(a) Addition and subtraction of series, (eg: taylor series for sinx+cosx = taylor series for sinx + taylor series for cosx )
(b) Substitution of z for something else to form a new Taylor series for a different function, (eg: replacing x with x^3 in the taylor series for e^x to give taylor series for e^(x^3) )
(c) Multiplication and division of series. (eg: taylor series for sinx*cosx = taylor series for sinx multiplied by taylor series for cos x )
I am a Mathematics undergraduate and am thus very familiar with using these properties, but I have never seen a rigorous proof for any of them.
If anyone could post any of the proofs then I would be extatic!
Many thanks in advance.
is the same as the McLaurin series for with .
The most obvious is to look at the corresponding terms of the series, when
with a little work it is obvious that they are the same.
A second idea is to use the uniqueness of McLaurin series for analytic functions.
The two series are McLaurin series for two functions, but by construction the
functions are equal in some neighbourhood of , so have the
same McLaurin series.