# Sketch and Find the area of the region determined by the intersections of the curves.

• Jan 14th 2013, 01:02 PM
JDS
Sketch and Find the area of the region determined by the intersections of the curves.
Sketch and Find the area of the region determined by the intersections of the curves.

y= (2/(x2+1)), y=(absolute value of) x

I do not know how to proceed. The book I am using is of no help. Perhaps a push in the right direction is in order? (Thinking)
• Jan 14th 2013, 01:13 PM
JDS
Re: Sketch and Find the area of the region determined by the intersections of the cur
Well....I have given this one a go, and here is what I have come up with......

My sketch.....

Attachment 26562

Here is my worked out problem....

Attachment 26563

If you can, let me know if I am right (or wrong)...Thanks!
• Jan 14th 2013, 01:26 PM
SworD
Re: Sketch and Find the area of the region determined by the intersections of the cur
That's not entirely correct. You need to split it into two separate integrals because the function on the right side is x and the function on the left side is -x.

Technically the below is correct:

$\int_{-1}^{1} \frac{2}{1+x^2} - \left | x \right | dx$

But that's not what you did - you dropped the absolute value.
• Jan 14th 2013, 01:41 PM
JDS
Re: Sketch and Find the area of the region determined by the intersections of the cur
Oh, I thought that I did seperate it into two different integrals...and I also thought the absolute value of x is simply x....
• Jan 14th 2013, 01:48 PM
MarkFL
Re: Sketch and Find the area of the region determined by the intersections of the cur
I would use the symmetry of the two even functions to state the area A of the region is:

$A=2\int_0^1\frac{2}{x^2+1}-x\,dx=\pi-1$
• Jan 14th 2013, 02:32 PM
JDS
Re: Sketch and Find the area of the region determined by the intersections of the cur
Quote:

Originally Posted by MarkFL2
I would use the symmetry of the two even functions to state the area A of the region is:

$A=2\int_0^1\frac{2}{x^2+1}-x\,dx=\pi-1$

where did you come up with the $\pi-1$

......and also why are you evaluating the integral from 0 to 1......should it not be from -1 to 1 as I did in my example?

• Jan 14th 2013, 03:55 PM
Plato
Re: Sketch and Find the area of the region determined by the intersections of the cur
Quote:

Originally Posted by JDS
where did you come up with the $\pi-1$

$2\int_0^1\frac{2}{x^2+1}-x\,dx=\mathop {\left. {4\arctan (x) - x} \right|}\nolimits_{x = 0}^{x = 1}=?$

If $g$ is an even function then $\int_{ - a}^a {g(x)dx} = 2\int_0^a {g(x)dx}$
• Jan 14th 2013, 07:14 PM
Prove It
Re: Sketch and Find the area of the region determined by the intersections of the cur
Quote:

Originally Posted by JDS
where did you come up with the $\pi-1$

......and also why are you evaluating the integral from 0 to 1......should it not be from -1 to 1 as I did in my example?

You have already been told that in order to evaluate this area, you need to do TWO integrals, because the absolute value function is actually a HYBRID function, \displaystyle \begin{align*} |x| = \begin{cases} \phantom{-} x \textrm{ if } x \geq 0 \\ -x \textrm{ if } x < 0 \end{cases} \end{align*}, so you will need to perform an integral for EACH of those cases.
• Jan 15th 2013, 09:46 AM
JDS
Re: Sketch and Find the area of the region determined by the intersections of the cur
Quote:

Originally Posted by Prove It
You have already been told that in order to evaluate this area, you need to do TWO integrals, because the absolute value function is actually a HYBRID function, \displaystyle \begin{align*} |x| = \begin{cases} \phantom{-} x \textrm{ if } x \geq 0 \\ -x \textrm{ if } x < 0 \end{cases} \end{align*}, so you will need to perform an integral for EACH of those cases.

Thanks for your assistance...(and everyone thus far)... but I am not sure how to set it up to find those two different integrals, any advice?
• Jan 15th 2013, 10:04 AM
MarkFL
Re: Sketch and Find the area of the region determined by the intersections of the cur
Hint: |x| = -x when x < 0 and |x| = x when 0 ≤ x.
• Jan 18th 2013, 07:03 AM
JDS
Re: Sketch and Find the area of the region determined by the intersections of the cur
Thanks everyone, here is my solution.

Attachment 26603

NOTE: I wanted to make sure and give much thanks to Jacek! Jacek has been tutoring me in his spare time and is an Excellent Teacher!!! Thank you Jacek!