Integration, Trig substitution

Hi I tried these three questions, on trig substitution and I didn't get the answer for all three..I'm sorry I cannot show my whole working, latex is hard for me and I'm struggling trying my best to type the more 'important' parts in it. Hopefully it turns out fine..

1.) Integrate

I had let x be , dx = d(delta sign)

Subbing it in and simplifying, I got left to integrate..After integrating I got and since x = , ..

Substituting, I nearly got the answer,

My answer is but it's wrong..

2.) Integrate

I let x be , dx = d(delta sign)

Subbing in and simplifying, I got to integrating , used the substitution method to tackle this integration of , got but then I tried to put x in terms of delta, it didn't work out for I get really weird looking answers...!

3.) Integrate x^2(sqrt{4-x^2}), I had let x be , dx = d(delta sign)

Subbing and simplifying, I was left with integrating . Using the double angle expression, I simplified, integrated and got ... continued with it but I'm getting nowhere!

Thank you so much for your time!

P.s. the trigo functions with values like 2 and 4 with that little ^ above them, sorry for my bad skills, it actually means that it is eg. (cos(x))^2 etc!

Re: Integration, Trig substitution

Quote:

Originally Posted by

**Tutu** After integrating I got

and since x =

,

..

Substituting, I nearly got the answer,

My answer is

but it's wrong..

Almost got it - a minor math error is all that's wrong. The denominator should be 16x, not 4x. If , then and

Quote:

Originally Posted by

**Tutu** 2.) ...Subbing in and simplifying, I got to integrating

You should have here.

Quote:

Originally Posted by

**Tutu** 3.) ...Using the double angle expression, I simplified, integrated and got

... continued with it but I'm getting nowhere!

At this point you should have . To integrate use the identity . And to integrate treat is as

Re: Integration, Trig substitution

Thank you! I got the first one!

I got for the second one, and then after integrating and simplifying I got , could you show be how to further simplify?

For the third one, I could not get what you got.. for 4sin^2(delta)-2sin^4(delta) it seemed that you integrated to get that. But why? Later you performed another integration, so integrate two times?

Thank you really very much for your time!

J.

Re: Integration, Trig substitution

oops, it's (1/16) ln|(sin(delta)| + c, sorry!

Re: Integration, Trig substitution

For the second one, you need to replace the term with the equivalent in terms of :

;

Rearrange to get:

So the result is

For the third one - I guess I wasn't very clear. You said you reached a point where you need to integrate and you ended up with . I arrived at a different expression to integrate, and then tried to show how to evaluate that integral. But as I review this I think your approach of integrating works as well. However, the result of that integral is not what you got - it should actually be: .

Re: Integration, Trig substitution

Thank you so much!

I got the answer key for the questions, question 2 is right, thank you so much! It's just that it is |x| in the numerator but the denominator was , without the mod. I don't really see why..

For the third one, I cannot get what you got!

Here are my steps:

Simplifying

I have left to integrate

After integration,

=

=

that's where I'm stuck.

I think I had performed the integration wrongly..

Nonetheless, thank you so much!

Re: Integration, Trig substitution

Quote:

Originally Posted by

**Tutu** Simplifying

I have

left to integrate

First, please note that some of you math symbols aren't working right, I believe because you are putting a backslash in front of minus signs and numbers where it is not needed.

I get , which integrates easily enough to