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Math Help - Daylight problem using derivatives of sine/cosine

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    Newbie mockingjay95's Avatar
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    Daylight problem using derivatives of sine/cosine

    The length of daylight is approx a sinusoidal function of the day of the yr. The longest day is june 21, the 172 day of the year. The longest day has 14 hr 3 min of daylight. The shortest is 10 hr 15 min. Write equation to express the length of daylight in min/day as a function of day of the year. How much daylight is there on august 7?





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    Re: Daylight problem using derivatives of sine/cosine

    Is this the equation? y=2916+228pi/86(d-172)
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    Re: Daylight problem using derivatives of sine/cosine

    This thread solves a similar problem.
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    Re: Daylight problem using derivatives of sine/cosine

    Quote Originally Posted by mockingjay95 View Post
    Is this the equation? y=2916+228pi/86(d-172)
    This expression is lacking the sine.
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    Re: Daylight problem using derivatives of sine/cosine

    Sorry, my bad, is it y=2916+228cospi/86(d-172)?
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    Re: Daylight problem using derivatives of sine/cosine

    Quote Originally Posted by mockingjay95 View Post
    is it y=2916+228cospi/86(d-172)?
    First, please you parentheses. It is not clear whether cospi/86(d-172) means cos(pi)/86(d-172), cos(pi/86)(d-172) or cos(pi/86(d-172)). Second, the function cos(pi/86(d-172)) has a period of 2 * 86 = 172 days instead of 365 days. Indeed, cos(pi/86((d + 172) - 172)) = cos(pi/86(d - 172) + pi/86 * 172) = cos(pi/86(d - 172) + 2pi) = cos(pi/86(d - 172)). Finally, y(172) = 2916 + 228 = 3144 whereas 14h 3m is 843 m.
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