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Math Help - Summation if series

  1. #1
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    Summation if series

    Hello there, could anyone help me to solve this one?
    ∑_(r=1)^n▒r/((2r-1)(2r+1)(2r+3)) , I already changed it to the partial fraction

    So what's next? Any help with detail explanation will greatly appreciate.Thanks.
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  2. #2
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    Re: Summation if series

    Hello, alexander9408!

    Hello there, could anyone help me to solve this one?

    . . \displaystyle S \;=\; \sum^n_{r=1} \frac{r}{(2r-1)(2r+1)(2r+3)}

    I already changed it to the partial fraction : . \frac{1}{16(2r-1)} + \frac{1}{8(2r+1)} - \frac{3}{16(2r+3)}

    For clarity, write the denominators in increasing or decreasing order.

    So what's next?

    \text{We have: }\:S \;=\;\frac{1}{16}\sum^n_{r=1}\left(\frac{1}{2r-1} + \frac{2}{2r+1} - \frac{3}{2r+3}\right)

    Now we let  r \:=\:1,2,3\:\hdots\: n
    . . I will omit the leading fraction for now.


    \text{We have: }\:\left(\tfrac{1}{1} - \tfrac{2}{3} - \tfrac{3}{5}\right) + \left(\tfrac{1}{3} + \tfrac{2}{5} - \tfrac{3}{7}\right) + \left(\tfrac{1}{5} + \tfrac{2}{7} - \tfrac{3}{9}\right) + \cdots

    . . . . . . . . . . . + \left(\tfrac{1}{2n-1} + \tfrac{2}{2n+1} - \tfrac{3}{2n+3}\right) + \left(\tfrac{2}{2n+1} + \tfrac{2}{2n+3} - \tfrac{3}{2n+5}\right)


    "Collect" the fractions by their denominators:

    . . 1 + \left(\tfrac{2}{3} + \tfrac{1}{3}\right) + \left(-\tfrac{3}{5} + \tfrac{2}{5} + \tfrac{1}{5}\right) + \left(-\tfrac{3}{7} + \tfrac{2}{7} + \tfrac{1}{7}\right) + \cdots

    . . . . . . . + \left(-\tfrac{3}{2n+1} + \tfrac{2}{2n+1} + \tfrac{1}{2n+1}\right) + \left(-\tfrac{3}{2n+3} + \tfrac{2}{2n+3}\right) - \tfrac{3}{2n+5}


    Most of the terms cancel. .All that remains is:

    . . 1 + 1 - \frac{1}{2n+3} - \frac{3}{2n+5} \;=\;\frac{8n^2+24n+16)}{(2n+3)(2n+5)} \;=\;\frac{8(n+3n+2)}{(2n+3)(2n+5)}


    \text{Therefore: }\:S \;=\;\frac{1}{16}\cdot\frac{8(n+1)(n+2)}{(2n+3)(2n  +5)} \;=\;\frac{(n+1)(n+2)}{2(2n+3)(2n+5)}


    But check my work . . . please!
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  3. #3
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    Re: Summation if series

    Quote Originally Posted by Soroban View Post
    Hello, alexander9408!

    \text{We have: }\:S \;=\;\frac{1}{16}\sum^n_{r=1}\left(\frac{1}{2r-1} + \frac{2}{2r+1} - \frac{3}{2r+3}\right)

    But check my work . . please!
    I would write
    \sum^n_{r=1}\left(\frac{1}{2r-1} + \frac{2}{2r+1} - \frac{3}{2r+3}\right)=\sum^n_{r=1}\left(\frac{1}{2  r-1} - \frac{1}{2r+1} \right)+3\sum^n_{r=1}\left( \frac{1}{2r+1} - \frac{1}{2r+3}\right) .
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