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Math Help - How to integrate this problem

  1. #1
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    How to integrate this problem

    How would you integrate something like

    sqrt(9-y)*y dy from 0 to 9
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  2. #2
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    Re: How to integrate this problem

    The problem is that "9- y" inside the square root, right? So try u= 9- y. Then du= -dy. and, of course, y= 9- u. When y= 0, u= 9 and when y= 9, u= 0.
    So the \sqrt{9- y}y dy= \sqrt{u}(9- u)(-du)= -(9u^{1/2}- u^{3/2))du and the integral will be from 9 to 0. Swapping the limits of integration gets rid of that negative.
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  3. #3
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    Re: How to integrate this problem

    wow, that was very clearly explained, thank you
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  4. #4
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    Re: How to integrate this problem

    Hello, CoffeeBird!

    \int^9_0y\sqrt{9-y}\:dy

    If the expression under the radical is linear,
    . . we can let u equal the entire radical.

    Let u \:=\:\sqrt{9-y} \quad\Rightarrow\quad u^2 \:=\:9-y \quad\Rightarrow\quad y\:=\:9-u^2 \quad\Rightarrow\quad du \:=\:-2u\,du

    Substitute: . \int (9-u^2)\cdot u \cdot (-2u\,du) \;=\; -2\int(9u^2 - u^4)\,du

    . . . . . . . . =\;-2\left(3u^3 - \tfrac{1}{5}u^5\right) + C \;=\;-\tfrac{2}{5}u^3\left(15 - u^2\right) + C

    Back-substitute: . -\tfrac{2}{5}(9-y)^{\frac{3}{2}}(15 - [9-y]) + C \;=\;-\tfrac{2}{5}(9-y)^{\frac{3}{2}}(6 + y) + C

    Evaluate: . -\tfrac{2}{5}(9-y)^{\frac{3}{2}}(6+y)\,\bigg]^9_0 \;=\;-\tfrac{2}{5}(0)^{\frac{3}{2}}(15) \:+\:\tfrac{2}{5}(9)^{\frac{3}{2}}(6)

    . . . . . . . . =\;0 + \tfrac{2}{5}(27)(6) \;=\;\frac{324}{5}
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