Hey, I'm supposed to find out the interval of convergence for this power series:

$\sum_{n = 0}^\infty\frac{(-1)^n \ast (x-5)^n}{n5^n}$

Any thoughts?

2. Originally Posted by CowPizza
Hey, I'm supposed to find out the interval of convergence for this power series:

$\sum_{n = 0}^\infty\frac{(-1)^n \ast (x-5)^n}{n5^n}$

Any thoughts?
First of all $n\not =0$ thus maybe you mean $\sum_{n = 1}^\infty\frac{(-1)^n \ast (x-5)^n}{n5^n}$
Well, I think it would be easier to consider,
$\sum^{\infty}_{k=1}\frac{(1-\frac{x}{5})^k}{k}$, which is equivalent to the one you gave.
Then let $u=1-\frac{x}{5}$, thus,
$\sum^{\infty}_{k=1}\frac{u^k}{k}$.
Notice that this is a power series, thus use the generalized ratio test, where $a_k=\frac{1}{k}$.
Thus,
$\lim_{k\to\infty}\left|\frac{a_{k+1}}{a_k}\right|= \left|\frac{k}{k+1}
\right|=1$
, thus the radius of convergence is the reciprocal of this which is also 1.

Let us now find the interval of convergence, since $-1 the series is absolutely convergent we have that $-1<1-\frac{x}{5}<1$, thus,
$0.
Notice when $x=0$ the series diverges because it forms a harmonic series and when $x=10$ the series converges conditionally because it form and alternating series. Thus,
$0 is the interval of convergence.
Q.E.D.