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Math Help - Parametrization, Find the mass using the mass density

  1. #1
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    Parametrization, Find the mass using the mass density

    Hey,

    I have this question I've been trying to work out, so I've parametrized the hemisphere just using spherical co-ords and changing it to parametrize the hemisphere. Then just taking the surface integral, but the thing im confused about is, it says the mass density is given by m(x,y,z), so i'm integrating the mass density over the surface and mass density is mass/volume. So the answer to the surface integral will be the mass density of the whole surface right? So to get the mass I just multiply it by the volume of the hemisphere?
    I'm just having a discussion with a friend and he thinks it would be multiplied by the area of the surface.



    Thanks,

    Ang
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  2. #2
    MHF Contributor alexmahone's Avatar
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    Re: Parametrization, Find the mass using the mass density

    Mass density is mass/surface area.

    dm=mdS

    Integrate to find the mass.
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    Re: Parametrization, Find the mass using the mass density

    Oh right,

    Thanks alot
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  4. #4
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    Re: Parametrization, Find the mass using the mass density

    In spherical coordinates, with \rho fixed as R, x= R cos(theta) sin(\phi) and y= R sin(\theta)sin(\phi) so x^2+ y^2= R^2 cos^2(\theta)sin^2(\phi)+ R^2sin^2(\theta)sin^2(\phi)= R^2sin^2(\phi).
    You want to integrate R^2sin^2(\phi) over the surface of the sphere, with 0\le \theta\le \pi, 0\le\phi\le \pi/2.

    Do you know the "differential of surface area" for a sphere of radius R?
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  5. #5
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    Re: Parametrization, Find the mass using the mass density

    For my answer I got (4piR^4)/3

    Just by modifying the parametrization of a sphere then doing the standard surface integral mdS

    Does orientation of the tangent vector tu X tv matter when you are integraling a scalar function

    because you end up taking ||tu X tv|| anyway?

    I know it matters for vector fields because your taking the dot product with tu X tv
    Last edited by Angela11; October 18th 2011 at 01:10 AM.
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