Let A be a nonempty bounded above subset of Z. Prove that A has a largest element.

To prove A has a largest element does it mean to prove A is the least upper bound of Z, if so how do I do this?

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- September 17th 2011, 12:09 PMwopashuiprove A has a largest element
Let A be a nonempty bounded above subset of Z. Prove that A has a largest element.

To prove A has a largest element does it mean to prove A is the least upper bound of Z, if so how do I do this? - September 17th 2011, 12:42 PMPlatoRe: prove A has a largest element
- September 17th 2011, 02:26 PMHallsofIvyRe: prove A has a largest element
- September 19th 2011, 04:14 PMwopashuiRe: prove A has a largest element
it's a contradction because it's bounded above, i.e there is an upper bound for A, A will converge to some number eventually, however, we don't need to show A has a least upper bound here, we just need to show that there is an element . in A such that . for all S in A.

but why is this has to be in Z though? - September 19th 2011, 04:31 PMPlatoRe: prove A has a largest element
- September 19th 2011, 05:10 PMwopashuiRe: prove A has a largest element
No, I understand this question and why is a contridiction, I'm just not sure why it has to be in Z, if A is a nonempty bounded above sunset of R, will this still work?

- September 19th 2011, 05:20 PMTheChazRe: prove A has a largest element
That you understand is definitely arguable (and may indeed be argued by those already in the discussion).

Now, it appears that you are introducing a new question.

Consider the intervals [0, 1) and [0, 1] as subsets of ℝ

Both are bounded above. Both have the same least upper-bound (supremum).

One of these intervals, however, does not have a largest element. Indeed - to prove this, you could take and arbitary element and find one that is larger, and still in the interval.