Hi, I have a few questions about Fourier series.
I understand the derivation of the formulas for working out the coefficients in your series, but I have a few queries about your bounds of integration, and whether or not you need to change these bounds depending on what domain you are working in
For example, when I calculate the fourier series for over the domain of and .... I get the same as if my function was defined as when . And then I believe these functions do NOT look the same.
Avoid my abuse of notation, but I only want to talk about bounds of integration....
When integrating we get .
Now my professor has said that since the function is periodic we can 'shift' the bounds to make it easier, for example change it to .
The thing I'm having difficulty with is that these integrals do not evaluate to the same thing. Take the example of . Now drawing the function over the x-axis, I can see that the area under the curve(s) from -1/2 to 1/2 is the same as the area under the curve from 0 to 1. So I can see the motivation there. Am I stuffing up here because in the case when you consider in the domain of that when you integrate from 0 to 1, if you look at the graph, it's actually the function ? Since you have shifted over, but you are still just integrating which may cause some trouble...
If this isn't it... i'm really stuck... because I end up getting the same Fourier series when the function is initially defined in 2 different domains. And these functions do NOT look the same!
Any help would be appreciated, thanks!