Hi all, I need some help. I'm taking system dynamics and control over the summer, but it's been over 3 years since my last calculus course, and some of these integrals are killing me.
is evaluated to be
before plugging integration limits, but I can't even get here.
I've tried substituting the lower half with X, then going from there which gets me a partial answer, and I've tried integrating by parts. I'm so out of mental shape it hurts.