1. ## rate of change

The diagram shows an isosceles triangle $\displaystyle ABC$ with fixed length $\displaystyle AB$ and $\displaystyle AC$ of $\displaystyle 10cm$ each and Angle $\displaystyle ACB =$Angle $\displaystyle ABC = \theta$radians.

$\displaystyle A$ is a variable point which is at a height $\displaystyle h cm$ directly above the point $\displaystyle O$ while $\displaystyle B$ and $\displaystyle C$ are variable points which move horizontally along the line $\displaystyle l$.

Given that $\displaystyle A$ descends vertically towards the point $\displaystyle O$ such that the area of triangle $\displaystyle ABC$ is decreasing at a constant rate of $\displaystyle 0.7cm^2/s$, determine, at the instant when $\displaystyle A$ is $\displaystyle 6cm$ above $\displaystyle O$, the rate of change of $\displaystyle \theta$

$\displaystyle A=\frac{1}{2}(20cos\theta)h$

$\displaystyle =10hcos\theta$

$\displaystyle \frac{dA}{d\theta}=-10hsin\theta$

$\displaystyle when h=6, sin\theta =\frac{6}{10}$

$\displaystyle \theta=0.6435 rad$

$\displaystyle \frac{dA}{d\theta}=-10(6)(sin0.6435)$
$\displaystyle =-36$

$\displaystyle \frac{d\theta}{dt}=(\frac{dA}{dt})(\frac{d\theta}{ dA})$

$\displaystyle =(-0.7)(\frac{1}{-36})$

$\displaystyle =\frac{7}{360}$

And another part of the question asks : Find the rate at which C is moving away from O. I could not start

2. note that the area of a triangle can be calculated from the side-angle-side formula

$\displaystyle A = \frac{1}{2}ab\sin{\phi}$

where a, b are the adjacent sides and $\displaystyle \phi$ is the angle between them

$\displaystyle A = \frac{1}{2} \cdot 10^2 \sin(\pi - 2\theta)$

using the sine difference identity ...

$\displaystyle A = 50 \sin(2\theta)$

now take the time derivative, sub in the given/calculated values and determine the value of $\displaystyle \frac{d\theta}{dt}$

3. Originally Posted by skeeter
note that the area of a triangle can be calculated from the side-angle-side formula

$\displaystyle A = \frac{1}{2}ab\sin{\phi}$

where a, b are the adjacent sides and $\displaystyle \phi$ is the angle between them

$\displaystyle A = \frac{1}{2} \cdot 10^2 \sin(\pi - 2\theta)$

using the sine difference identity ...

$\displaystyle A = 50 \sin(2\theta)$

now take the time derivative, sub in the given/calculated values and determine the value of $\displaystyle \frac{d\theta}{dt}$
but i cant seem to spot the mistake in my workings

4. Originally Posted by Punch
but i cant seem to spot the mistake in my workings
note that h is changing. you should have dh/dt in your derivative also ... problem is, that value was not given.

5. Originally Posted by skeeter
note that h is changing. you should have dh/dt in your derivative also ... problem is, that value was not given.
yes, i should have expressed h in terms of $\displaystyle \theta$, thanks

6. hello, the question has a second part which i couldn't start, could i get some help with it? i think its linked to the first part.

The other part of the question asks : Find the rate at which C is moving away from O. I could not start

7. Did you get the first part done alright?

The second part requires you to look at the length OC. Call the length OC a new variable (I called it x) and try to solve for $\displaystyle dx/dt$