# Bessel function ??

• Jan 8th 2011, 12:37 PM
amro05
Bessel function ??
• Jan 8th 2011, 12:43 PM
mr fantastic
Quote:

Originally Posted by amro05

What have you tried?
• Jan 8th 2011, 12:58 PM
Chris L T521
Quote:

Originally Posted by amro05

You need to mess around with the series for the Bessel function of the first kind:

$\displaystyle J_n(x) = \displaystyle\sum\limits_{m=0}^{\infty}\dfrac{(-1)^m x^{2m+n}}{2^{2m+n}m!\Gamma(m+n+1)}$

Clearly,

$\displaystyle J_{-n}(x) = \displaystyle\sum\limits_{m=0}^{\infty}\dfrac{(-1)^m x^{2m-n}}{2^{2m-n}m!\Gamma(m-n+1)}$

Now, make a substitution. Let $\displaystyle m=m^{\prime}+n$. Then,

\displaystyle \begin{aligned}\sum\limits_{m=0}^{\infty}\dfrac{(-1)^m x^{2m-n}}{2^{2m-n}m!\Gamma(m-n+1)} &=\sum\limits_{m^{\prime}+n=0}^{\infty}\dfrac{(-1)^{m^{\prime}+n} x^{2m^{\prime}+n}}{2^{2m^{\prime}+n}m!\Gamma(m^{\p rime}+n+1)}\\ &= \sum\limits_{m^{\prime}=-n}^{-1}\dfrac{(-1)^{m^{\prime}+n} x^{2m^{\prime}+n}}{2^{2m^{\prime}+n}m!\Gamma(m^{\p rime}+n+1)}+\sum\limits_{m^{\prime}=0}^{\infty}\df rac{(-1)^{m^{\prime}+n} x^{2m^{\prime}+n}}{2^{2m^{\prime}+n}m!\Gamma(m^{\p rime}+n+1)}\end{aligned}

A couple observations need to be made to finish it up.

Can you proceed?
• Jan 8th 2011, 01:30 PM
amro05
Quote:

Originally Posted by Chris L T521
You need to mess around with the series for the Bessel function of the first kind:

$\displaystyle J_n(x) = \displaystyle\sum\limits_{m=0}^{\infty}\dfrac{(-1)^m x^{2m+n}}{2^{2m+n}m!\Gamma(m+n+1)}$

Clearly,

$\displaystyle J_{-n}(x) = \displaystyle\sum\limits_{m=0}^{\infty}\dfrac{(-1)^m x^{2m-n}}{2^{2m-n}m!\Gamma(m-n+1)}$

Now, make a substitution. Let $\displaystyle m=m^{\prime}+n$. Then,

\displaystyle \begin{aligned}\sum\limits_{m=0}^{\infty}\dfrac{(-1)^m x^{2m-n}}{2^{2m-n}m!\Gamma(m-n+1)} &=\sum\limits_{m^{\prime}+n=0}^{\infty}\dfrac{(-1)^{m^{\prime}+n} x^{2m^{\prime}+n}}{2^{2m^{\prime}+n}m!\Gamma(m^{\p rime}+n+1)}\\ &= \sum\limits_{m^{\prime}=-n}^{-1}\dfrac{(-1)^{m^{\prime}+n} x^{2m^{\prime}+n}}{2^{2m^{\prime}+n}m!\Gamma(m^{\p rime}+n+1)}+\sum\limits_{m^{\prime}=0}^{\infty}\df rac{(-1)^{m^{\prime}+n} x^{2m^{\prime}+n}}{2^{2m^{\prime}+n}m!\Gamma(m^{\p rime}+n+1)}\end{aligned}

A couple observations need to be made to finish it up.

Can you proceed?

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yes I think I got it ( thank you very very mach )

http://img205.imageshack.us/img205/7176/60086273.jpg

because the Gamma function of the negative integer = infinity
so the first part = zero
and the 2.nd part ( will be ) = (-1)^n Jn(x) ( but need some work )
• Jan 8th 2011, 01:50 PM
amro05
• Jan 8th 2011, 02:50 PM
Chris L T521
Quote:

Originally Posted by amro05

Looks good to me! (but note your sum should start at zero..you forgot to put that in.)