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Math Help - Absolute and Minimum Values

  1. #1
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    Absolute and Minimum Values

    QUESTION:

    Find the absolute maximum and minimum values of the function f(x,y)=2+2x+2y-x^2-y^2 on the triangular region in the first quadrant bounded by x=0,y=0,y=9-x.

    This is the work I've done. I just need someone to verify that I've done it correctly. Is my methodology sound?

    Critical Points:

    f(1,1) = 4


    Boundaries:

    f(0,y)=2+2y-y^2 where 0≤y≤9; min=(0,9)=-61, max=(0,1)=3

    Since this is a parabola that opens down, the max will occur when the derivative equals 0 (vertex of parabola).
    Derivative= 2-2y
    2-2y=0 when y=1

    so max=(0,1)=3

    Since the interval restricts the graph to be decreasing, the minimum will occur when y is the greatest on that interval. Hence,

    min=(0,9)= -61

    note: "y" essentially acts as the x since I am testing this as a single variable function.


    f(x,0)=2+2x-x^2, where 0≤x≤9; min=(9,0)-61, max=(1,0)=3

    Since we are testing this as a single variable function, this graph takes the same shape as the previous one and has the same max and min.


    f(x,-x+9)= -2x^2+18x-61, where 0≤x≤9; min = (9,0)-61 max=(4.5,4.5) = -20.5 (max at 4.5 by first derivative test)


    The minimum will occur at one of the endpoints on the interval and f(0,9)= -61 and f(9,0)= -61 so these are both a min.

    Since this is a parabola that opens downward, the max will occur when the derivative equals 0 (vertex of parabola).

    Derivative= -4x+18

    -4x+18=0 when x=4.5

    so max=(4.5,4.5) = -20.5

    So comparing the extreme values on the boundary and the value of the critical point, it follows that:


    Absolute Maximum = 4
    Absolute Minimum = -61
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  2. #2
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    That all looks correct.
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  3. #3
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    I would caution you against writing things like "max=(0,1)=3". I understand what you mean but any good mathematician will object to saying that (0, 1) is equal to 3. Instead, write out exactly what you mean- "the maximum occurs at (0, 1) and is equal to 3."
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  4. #4
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    Thanks guys really appreciate it.

    Also, I noticed this isn't quite correct:

    Since the interval restricts the graph to be decreasing, the minimum will occur when y is the greatest on that interval. Hence,

    min=(0,9)= -61

    That function is only decreasing on the interval for y>1.5
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