My professor started covering these today and i have never seen them before, even though I took a high school calculus class. How do I go about solving this?
(Problem attached)
This problem is actually much easier than if you are given a formula for the function and you really need to understand it.
"3.6" and "2.4" are 3+ .6 and 3- .6 so the two horizontal red lines on your graph show the boundaries for "$\displaystyle |f(x)- 3|< .6$". In order that f(x) be within those two lines x must be within the two vertical red lines. Those are at 4 and 5.7 which are different distances from 5: |4- 5|= 1 and |5.7- 5|= .7. But since .7< 1, if |x- 5|< .7 certainly |x- 5|< 1 will also be true. So we stay within the two vertical red lines, and so the function value is with in the two horizontal red lines as long as |x- 5|< .7.