if 0 <= x < 1 or 1 < x <= 2

for every other value of x

The small and large f is the same function, I have no idea why the font size changes, sorry about that.

Show that f is integrable on [0, 2] and find

This is an example from a calculus textbook, the solution is given below. I'm having a problem with understanding how the partition is made as in the solution provided it is simply stated thatthis is the partitionwithout any reason given for how the partition was decided to be like that.

My question is simply how was it determined that the partition should be as stated? I have no doubt that it is correct, I simply don't understand it.

Solution:

Let be given.

Let P = {0, 1 - /3, 1 + /3, 2}

Then L(f, P) = 0, since f(x) = 0 at points of each of these subintervals into which P subdivides [0, 2].

Since f(1) = 1, we have:

U(f, P) = 0(1 - /3) + 1(2 /3) + 0(2 - (1 + /3))

U(f, P) = (2 )/3

Hence, U(f, P) - L(f, P) < and f is integrable on [0, 2]. Since L(f, P) = 0 for every partition, = = 0.