Show that , for all integers
Let so
and so
and the integral becomes
.
Now let so
and so
and the integral becomes
Notice a couple of things. Each successive integral has the powers of increasing by , while the powers of are decreasing by . So that means eventually the powers of will reduce to , meaning there will be a "final" integral. This means you will have had to take integrals. Therefore the power of will become .
Also note that the "stuff" before each integral involves . What is going to happen when you substitute or ? It will become . So that means the ONLY stuff worth worrying about is the stuff in the final integral.
Now let's look at the coefficient of each integral. We will be taking integrals, and each time the numerator has the decreasing power of multiplied to it, and each time the denominator has the increasing power of multiplied to it.
So after the integrals you will get as your integral's coefficient...
.
So after having taken all the integrals and substituted in and you will end up with
.