Well, the general rule would be
To me, off-hand, I'm a bit puzzled why the trig functions aren't in the denominators. Are you sure this is the correct expression?
yeah its about a parabolic cylinder, whose bottom runs along the v direction. Theta is introduced as an angle between v and w to show that we can see what happens in all directions for all theta, except when theta = 0, i.e. what happens in the v-direction. So perhaps we are considering theta to be constant here. I don't know. thanks for reminding me of the chain rule
I would definitely say that is constant here. But what I can't get over is where the trig functions are in the expression you're trying to prove. You've got
, so I would expect
A similar calculation would go for the other. I can't explain why this is not the case. Maybe there's something simple I'm missing. Maybe Danny could weigh in?
I will write out a section: ''
f has a maximum or a minimum (depending upon the sign) in the u-direction, but we do not yet know what happens in the v-direction. The surface z = f(x,y) is, to second order, a parabolic cylinder (Fig2.2)
In fact we know what happens in every direction except the v-direction. For let . Then at the origin
Hence f has the same sort of behaviour in the w-direction as in the u-direction, provided only that theta is not 0. IF theta is 0, i.e. in the v-direction, the Taylor series for f reduces to....
In case this is relevant this is an examination of what happens when the Hessian is 0 of a two variable function and not all the 2nd partial derivatives are zero
If we start at the point, say and move in the direction of say then
If we define then
which, by definition is . Using the chain rule for functions of more than one variable
noting that I've used and instead of and .
I would, however, like to know your reference.
the book is Saunders: an introduction to catastrophe theory.
thanks fo the help, i think it is the directional derivative. you can work it too out by making a w' variable which is orthogonal to the w axis and then rearrange and doing partial derivatives