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Math Help - Taylor Polynomials

  1. #1
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    Taylor Polynomials

    Find an approximated value for \sqrt[ ]{9.03} using a Taylors polynomial of third degree and estimate the error.

    I thought of solving it by using

    f(x)=\sqrt[]{x} centered at x_0=9

    So

    P_n(x)=3+\dysplaystyle\frac{(x-9)}{6}-\dysplaystyle\frac{(x-9)^2}{216}+\dysplaystyle\frac{3(x-9)^3}{3888}

    Then I evaluated it at x=9.03, so I get:

    P_n(x)=3+\dysplaystyle\frac{(0.3)}{6}-\dysplaystyle\frac{(0.3)^2}{216}+\dysplaystyle\fra  c{3(0.3)^3}{3888}\approx{3.049604167}

    I don't know if this is right, I've tried with the calculator and it gives 3.00500.... Now, how do I estimate the error? just by resting to the value the calculator gives the one I get?
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  2. #2
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    correct the cubic term ...

    \displaystyle P_3(x) = 3 + \frac{x-9}{6} - \frac{(x-9)^2}{216} + \frac{(x-9)^3}{3888}

    P_3(9.03) = 3.00499584028...

    since the series is alternating, the error will be less than the first omitted term ...

    \displaystyle Error < \left|-\frac{5(.03)^4}{279936}\right| \approx 1.45 \times 10^{-11}
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  3. #3
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    Should it not be 0.03 in your brackets rather than 0.3?

    Regardless, the error of an nth order Taylor Polynomial using a stepsize of h is always of the order of  h^{n+1}

    So, in your case, I would estimate the error to be of the order of  0.03^{4}
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  4. #4
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    Thanks. Skeeter, how did you get the expression?

    \displaystyle Error < \left|-\frac{5(.03)^4}{279936}\right| \approx 1.45 \times 10^{-11}

    I think you're using the expression for the residual, that looks quiet similar to the expressions of the terms for the Taylors polynomial.

    The thing is that the reminder is:

    R_n(f) = \frac{f^{(n+1)}(\xi)}{(n+1)!} (x-a)^{n+1}

    where \xi is such a<\xi<x

    mmm I think I'm getting it, so 9<\xi<9.03?

    And then thats why the error is smaller than the expression for the reminder. Right? thank you very much Skeeter.
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  5. #5
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    no need for computing an error bound ... for a strictly alternating series, the error is no greater than the first omitted term. In this case ...

    \displaystyle Error < \left|\frac{f^4(9)(x-9)^4}{4!}\right|
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