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Math Help - integrate Sin (z Sin t) , etc

  1. #1
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    integrate Sin (z Sin t) , etc

    hi all, i need some help to solve this problem..
    i knew we have to make the equation with jacobi-anger expansion,
    so that we get the series form of that equation, and then integrate it

    but i cant find the exact jacobi-anger expansion in any web for sin(z sin t) sin(z cos t) cos(z sin t) sin(z sin t)
    i tried wiki but i think it doesnt correct

    so, please help me find the RIGHT expansion, or any of you guys have a different method to solve it?

    thank you very much
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  2. #2
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    Integrate sin(z sin(t)) with respect to what variable?
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  3. #3
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    Quote Originally Posted by HallsofIvy View Post
    Integrate sin(z sin(t)) with respect to what variable?
    ow, sorry.. my mistake.

    integrate it with respect variable t
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  4. #4
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    Quote Originally Posted by romanistarz View Post
    ow, sorry.. my mistake.

    integrate it with respect variable t
    There is no answer in terms of standard mathematical functions.
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  5. #5
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    whoa, really?? so i cant solve this integration??

    /
    |
    | Sin (z Sin t) dt
    /

    i knew a way that we have to change it to a kind of Series first,
    and then we can integrate it..

    please help me
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  6. #6
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    Ok, let's try that. Gotta' sometimes just jump in there you know:

    \int \sin(z\sin(t))dt=\int \sum_{k=0}^{\infty}\frac{(-1)^n z^{2n+1}\sin^{2n+1}(t)}{(2n+1)!}dt

    Now, I haven't checked by hand, but Mathematica can evaluate:

    \int \sin^{n}(x)dx in closed form:

    \int \text{Sin}[t]{}^{\wedge}n dt= <br /> <br />
-\text{Cos}[t] \text{Hypergeometric2F1}\left[\frac{1}{2},\frac{1-n}{2},\frac{3}{2},\text{Cos}[t]^2\right] \text{Sin}[t]^{1+n} \left(\text{Sin}[t]^2\right)^{\frac{1}{2} (-1-n)}
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  7. #7
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    sorry, but i cant get the idea.. please explain your idea...

    or anyone can give different solution??
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  8. #8
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    If you look up the Jacobi - Anger expansion, you get this page Jacobi - Anger expansion. At the bottom is the expansion of [LaTeX ERROR: Convert failed] :

    [LaTeX ERROR: Convert failed]

    Do you know how to go from the left hand side to the right hand side? If you do, then do that. Then you need to integrate the series with respect to t, which shouldn't be too difficult.
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  9. #9
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    Quote Originally Posted by Vlasev View Post
    If you look up the Jacobi - Anger expansion, you get this page Jacobi - Anger expansion. At the bottom is the expansion of [LaTeX ERROR: Convert failed] :

    [LaTeX ERROR: Convert failed]

    Do you know how to go from the left hand side to the right hand side? If you do, then do that. Then you need to integrate the series with respect to t, which shouldn't be too difficult.
    that's the problem , i cant make the left side into the right side...
    so i can't be sure the series form in wiki are right..
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  10. #10
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    Ahh, I see. Well, what have you tried so far? What are some obvious identities that you'll have to use?
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  11. #11
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    well, i haven't tried anything but to make the left side into the right side in here Jacobi - Anger expansion
    and so far i couldn't get anything..

    i would appreciate whoever can make the equation in the left side into the right side..
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  12. #12
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    As a start let's show the correctness of some of the formulas on that page. Let's start with the following identity:

    [LaTeX ERROR: Convert failed]

    It is correct. Now we want to make the left hand side look like the one provided in the article, so we want to make:

    [LaTeX ERROR: Convert failed]

    Note that[LaTeX ERROR: Convert failed] which looks a lot like the complex definition for cosine, except that we need t to be [LaTeX ERROR: Convert failed] and instead of a minus in the middle, we need a plus. After a few tries, just plug in [LaTeX ERROR: Convert failed] , because we need a factor of [LaTeX ERROR: Convert failed] , in order to obtain the desired exponent.

    [LaTeX ERROR: Convert failed]

    Here we've used that [LaTeX ERROR: Convert failed] and hence the plus sign between the exponential functions. Now, let's plug in [LaTeX ERROR: Convert failed] in the doubly infinite sum:

    [LaTeX ERROR: Convert failed]

    Thus we have the first identity [LaTeX ERROR: Convert failed]

    For reasons I will explain later, we need to find an analogous identity for [LaTeX ERROR: Convert failed] (It has to do with the complex definitions of sine and cosine). Let's use the initial identity. This time, however, we want to make [LaTeX ERROR: Convert failed] , so just use [LaTeX ERROR: Convert failed] to get:

    [LaTeX ERROR: Convert failed]
    Last edited by Vlasev; July 31st 2010 at 10:32 PM.
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  13. #13
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    For the next step, we need to exploit the symmetry of the Bessel function [LaTeX ERROR: Convert failed] for any integer n. Take the doubly infinite series and split it into 2 parts:

    [LaTeX ERROR: Convert failed]

    Lets work on the first sum. We need to flip the limits to make them look like the ones on the right sum. We do this by flipping the sign on every n in the summand:

    [LaTeX ERROR: Convert failed]

    Similarly to before, [LaTeX ERROR: Convert failed] . Then, using the Bessel function identity, we get:

    [LaTeX ERROR: Convert failed]

    Now we are ready to combine the two sums:

    [LaTeX ERROR: Convert failed]

    [LaTeX ERROR: Convert failed]

    In a similar fashion, we can derive the other identity and I suggest you do it as practice. It is:

    [LaTeX ERROR: Convert failed] (I'm not 100% sure my derivation and expression are correct)
    Last edited by Vlasev; July 31st 2010 at 11:05 PM. Reason: Errors
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  14. #14
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    Now, finally, let's derive the expression for [LaTeX ERROR: Convert failed] . We need to use the complex number definition for sin(t). Then we plug in [LaTeX ERROR: Convert failed] :

    [LaTeX ERROR: Convert failed]

    Now, you see that we need to use the second series to expand this.

    [LaTeX ERROR: Convert failed]

    [LaTeX ERROR: Convert failed]

    [LaTeX ERROR: Convert failed]

    Note that [LaTeX ERROR: Convert failed] and [LaTeX ERROR: Convert failed] .

    [LaTeX ERROR: Convert failed]

    Let's not forget the factor 1/(2i). After the division, we get

    [LaTeX ERROR: Convert failed]
    Last edited by Vlasev; July 31st 2010 at 11:20 PM.
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  15. #15
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    whoa man, thank you so very much...
    it really helps me,
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