# Thread: Integral Proof

1. ## Integral Proof

I have been asked to justify if the following statement is true or false.

'If the integral of f(x) >= 0 on [a,b], then f(x) is >= 0 on [a,b].

Would (8-x^2) over the domain [-4,4] be a counter example to this? thus justifying that the statement is false.

I beleive so as f(x) is <= 0 for some values but the area over that domain is positive. Can anyone tell me if iam on the right path?

2. Originally Posted by olski1
I have been asked to justify if the following statement is true or false.

'If the integral of f(x) >= 0 on [a,b], then f(x) is >= 0 on [a,b].

Would (8-x^2) over the domain [-4,4] be a counter example to this? thus justifying that the statement is false.

I beleive so as f(x) is <= 0 for some values but the area over that domain is positive. Can anyone tell me if iam on the right path?
$8 - x^2$ is NOT $\geq 0$ for the entire domain $[-4, 4]$.

3. So doesnt that proove that the statement is false?

4. Originally Posted by olski1
So doesnt that proove that the statement is false?
Definitely not.

I think it should be obvious that if a function is nonnegative for an entire region, then the area between the function and the $x$ axis can never fall below the $x$ axis.

5. Originally Posted by olski1
I have been asked to justify if the following statement is true or false.

'If the integral of f(x) >= 0 on [a,b], then f(x) is >= 0 on [a,b].

Would (8-x^2) over the domain [-4,4] be a counter example to this? thus justifying that the statement is false.

I beleive so as f(x) is <= 0 for some values but the area over that domain is positive. Can anyone tell me if iam on the right path?
Your counter example is correct, since $\int_{-4}^4 8-x^2 ~ dx = 8\int_{-4}^4 dx ~ - \int_{-4}^4 x^2 ~ dx = 8\cdot 8 - (\frac{(4)^3}{3} - \frac{(-4)^3}{3}) = 64 - \frac{2}{3}64 = \frac{64}{3} > 0$

however $f(3) = -1 < 0$

Definitely not.

I think it should be obvious that if a function is nonnegative for an entire region, then the area between the function and the axis can never fall below the axis.
I think you were thinking of the other direction of the question.