1. ## Proof by induction

Let a1=3 and a(n+1) =( ${a}^{2}n+10$)/7 for every n $\geq$1

Prove by induction that 2
$\leq$an $\leq$5 for every n $\geq$1

Deduce that an+1 $\leq$an for every n $\geq$1

Show the sequence {an} converges and determine its limit.

2. Originally Posted by Mathman87
Let a1=3 and a(n+1) =( ${a}^{2}n+10$)/7 for every n $\geq$1

Prove by induction that 2 $\leq$an $\leq$5 for every n $\geq$1

Deduce that an+1 $\leq$an for every n $\geq$1

Show the sequence {an} converges and determine its limit.

Induction on $n$ , $a_1 =3 \in[2,5]$ and assume it is true that $2 \leq a_n \leq 5$ and we have

$a_{n+1} = \frac{a_n^2 + 10}{7} \leq \frac{ 5^2 + 10}{7} = \frac{35}{7} = 5$

Also ,

$a_{n+1} = \frac{a_n^2 + 10}{7} \geq \frac{2^2 + 10}{7} = \frac{14}{7} = 2$

Therefore , $2\leq a_{n+1} \leq 5$

Hence we deduce it is true that $2\leq a_n \leq 5 ~~\forall n \in \mathbb{N}$

Consider $a_{n+1} - a_n = \frac{a_n^2 + 10}{7} -a_n = \frac{a_n^2 - 7a_n + 10 }{7} = \frac{(a_n - 2)(a_n -5 )}{7}$

$a_n - 2 \geq 0$ because $a_n \geq 2$

but $a_n - 5 \leq 0$ from $a_n \leq 5$

Therefore , $a_{n+1} - a_n$ is a non-positive number or $a_{n+1} - a_n \leq 0 ~,~ a_{n+1} \leq a_n$

Note that the sequence is bounded and it is monotonic decreasing , use some theorems to show that the limit exists and find it .