# Finding out the amount of volume through integration

• May 13th 2010, 09:14 AM
orangesun
Finding out the amount of volume through integration
A right circular cone has height 4 cm and base radius 2. It is over-filled with ice cream,
in the usual way. Place the cone so its vertex is at the origin, and its axis lies along the
positive y–axis, and take the cross-section containing the x–axis. The top of this crosssection
is a piece of the parabola y = 8 − x^2 . The whole filled ice-cream cone is obtained
by rotating this cross-section about the y–axis.
What is the volume of the ice cream?
• May 14th 2010, 07:30 AM
hollywood
So you have to integrate in two sections - the cone and the paraboloid. The equation for the cone is y=2x and y goes from 0 to 4. The equation for the paraboloid is $\displaystyle y=8-x^2$ with y going from 4 to 8. The element of volume is a cylinder of radius x and height dy, so its volume is $\displaystyle \pi{x}^2\ dy$. The volume is given by:

$\displaystyle V=\int\pi{x}^2\ dy=\int_0^4\pi\left(\frac{y}{2}\right)^2\ dy+\int_4^8\pi(8-y)\ dy$

- Hollywood