# Revision-complex number

• May 6th 2010, 02:27 AM
wkn0524
Revision-complex number
Find all roots of the equations
(a) z^4 + 2z^2 + 4 = 0

My step:

Let u = z^2
u^2 + 2u + 4 = 0

u = -1 + (3)^1/2 and u = -1 - (3)^1/2

i'm stuck at there...and tomorrow having complex number exam.
• May 6th 2010, 02:50 AM
HallsofIvy
Quote:

Originally Posted by wkn0524
Find all roots of the equations
(a) z^4 + 2z^2 + 4 = 0

My step:

Let u = z^2
u^2 + 2u + 4 = 0

u = -1 + (3)^1/2 and u = -1 - (3)^1/2

i'm stuck at there...and tomorrow having complex number exam.

Well, first your values for u are wrong. $\displaystyle u= -1+ i 3^{1/2}$ and $\displaystyle u= -1- i 3^{1/2}$. You forgot the "i".

Now use the fact that $\displaystyle u= z^2$.
$\displaystyle z^2= -1+ i3^{1/2}$ so $\displaystyle z= \pm\sqrt{-1+ i 3^{1/2}}$
$\displaystyle z^2= -1- i3^{1/2}$ so $\displaystyle z= \pm\sqrt{-1- i3^{1/2}}$.

I presume you will want to use d'Moivre's formula to take those square roots. Since $\displaystyle 1^2+ (3^{1/2})^2= 4$ and $\displaystyle \frac{3^{1/2}}{-1}= -\sqrt{3}= arctan(\pi/3}$, in polar form, $\displaystyle -1+ i3^{1/2}= 2(cos(\pi/3)+ i sin(\pi/3))= 2e^{i\pi/3}$ and $\displaystyle -1- i3^{1/2}= 2(cos(\pi/3)- i sin(\pi/3))= 2e^{-i\pi/3}$.
• May 6th 2010, 02:59 AM
wkn0524
Quote:

Originally Posted by HallsofIvy
Well, first your values for u are wrong. $\displaystyle u= -1+ i 3^{1/2}$ and $\displaystyle u= -1- i 3^{1/2}$. You forgot the "i".

Now use the fact that $\displaystyle u= z^2$.
$\displaystyle z^2= -1+ i3^{1/2}$ so $\displaystyle z= \pm\sqrt{-1+ i 3^{1/2}}$
$\displaystyle z^2= -1- i3^{1/2}$ so $\displaystyle z= \pm\sqrt{-1- i3^{1/2}}$.

I presume you will want to use d'Moivre's formula to take those square roots. Since $\displaystyle 1^2+ (3^{1/2})^2= 4$ and $\displaystyle \frac{3^{1/2}}{-1}= -\sqrt{3}= arctan(\pi/3}$, in polar form, $\displaystyle -1+ i3^{1/2}= 2(cos(\pi/3)+ i sin(\pi/3))= 2e^{i\pi/3}$ and $\displaystyle -1- i3^{1/2}= 2(cos(\pi/3)- i sin(\pi/3))= 2e^{-i\pi/3}$.

I forgot put i, its mean -1. there are four solution.