Not sure what you mean, but parts is right (for question a). Integrate x, differentiate arctan x, then integrate 1/2 x^2 all over 1 + x^2, which is equal to
which you can split into
Just in case a picture helps...
More in a tic
Not sure what you mean, but parts is right (for question a). Integrate x, differentiate arctan x, then integrate 1/2 x^2 all over 1 + x^2, which is equal to
which you can split into
Just in case a picture helps...
More in a tic
By re-writing the numerator in order to split it as shown above... and now below...
Spoiler:
... is the product rule. Straight lines differentiate downwards (integrate up) with respect to x.
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Balloon Calculus; standard integrals, derivatives and methods
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