1. ## Percentage Error

Hi guys,

I'm stuck on a word problem and could use a little help. I did the work, just not real confident in it.

Company manufactures spherical ball bearing with radius 1 cm and percentage error in radius must be no more than 1%.

a) Find approximate percentage error for surface area of ball bearing?
b) Find range of radii possible.
c) What range of surface area possible.
---> Ok, so what we're given is r = 1 cm and dr = +/- .01 cm (correct?)

a) Percentage error surface area
---> S=4(pi)r^2
--->dS=8(pi)r(dr) = 8(pi)(1cm)(+/- .01 cm) = +/- .25133 cm^2
---> Percent error = dS/S
-----------> S=4(pi)(1cm)^2= 12.56637 cm^2
----------->dS/S = (+/- .25133 cm^2)/(12.56637 cm^2) = .020000 = 2%
(Correct?)

-->would be: 1 cm + .01 cm = 1.01 and 1 cm - .01 = .99 cm
-->RANGE = .99 - 1.01 or +/ .01 cm (correct?...just seems a little simple)

c) Range Surface area
--> S = 4(pi)r^2
--> dS = 8(pi)r(dr) = 8(pi)(1cm)(+/- .01 cm) = +/- .25133 cm^2
(correct?)

EDIT: Perhaps on C, the range would be (12.56637 + .25133 = 12.8177 cm^2 and 12.56637 - .25133 = 12.31504 cm^2

Thanks for the help. Will return the favor if you'd post a link to your problem.

2. Originally Posted by Mathless
Hi guys,

I'm stuck on a word problem and could use a little help. I did the work, just not real confident in it.

---> Ok, so what we're given is r = 1 cm and dr = +/- .01 cm (correct?)

a) Percentage error surface area
---> S=4(pi)r^2
--->dS=8(pi)r(dr) = 8(pi)(1cm)(+/- .01 cm) = +/- .25133 cm^2
---> Percent error = dS/S
-----------> S=4(pi)(1cm)^2= 12.56637 cm^2
----------->dS/S = (+/- .25133 cm^2)/(12.56637 cm^2) = .020000 = 2%
(Correct?)

-->would be: 1 cm + .01 cm = 1.01 and 1 cm - .01 = .99 cm
-->RANGE = .99 - 1.01 or +/ .01 cm (correct?...just seems a little simple)

c) Range Surface area
--> S = 4(pi)r^2
--> dS = 8(pi)r(dr) = 8(pi)(1cm)(+/- .01 cm) = +/- .25133 cm^2
(correct?)

EDIT: Perhaps on C, the range would be (12.56637 + .25133 = 12.8177 cm^2 and 12.56637 - .25133 = 12.31504 cm^2

Thanks for the help. Will return the favor if you'd post a link to your problem.
I think your method for c) is wrong.

Formula for surface area of sphere is,

$4 \pi r^2$.

$4 \pi 0.99^2 = 12.31629984$
$4 \pi 1.01^2 = 12.81895467$