Hi and thank you for providing such a opportunity.
Question :
I know this question makes the use of e^j0 = cos0 + jsin0 (0= theater) but I cant quite undrestand how.
sum(n=1..infty) 1/z^n = 1/(z-1) for |z|>1.
Put z=3exp(i theta), then we have:
sum(n=1..infty) (1/3^n) exp(-i theta) = 1/[3 exp(i theta)-1]
Now take real parts so:
Re sum(n=1..infty) (1/3^n) exp(-i n theta) = Re 1/[3 exp(i theta)-1]
or:
sum(n=1..infty) (1/3^n) cos(n theta) = Re 1/[3 exp(i theta)-1]
So now just find the real part of the Right Hand Side to complete the
problem.
RonL