Just in case a picture helps...
... is the chain rule. Straight continuous lines differentiate downwards (integrate up) with respect to x (in the single variable case we would take this as read but here we label the line just to be clear), and the straight dashed line similarly but with respect to the dashed balloon expression (the inner function of the composite which is subject to the chain rule).
Hope this helps, or doesn't further confuse...
Don't integrate - balloontegrate!
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Thanks for the diagrams Tom, I think I understand how the chain rule works
However my main problem is that if
that is a recursive relationship!
I don't see why this should follow. And indeed I don't want it to have to follow.
Moreover, say you have , then
Clearly unless , which I don't want to assume.
There must be a solution that doesn't have is there?
before - which should be
You could mark the distinction with a u-sub (for xy) or notice that the diagram says we differentiate down the dashed line w.r.t. the dashed balloon expression.
e.g... (good example)
We could also label the dashed line to show what it's w.r.t...
... although this is always the case.