may i know that given f(x,y), then the nature of the critical points for this function would depend on the eigenvalue of what matrix and how do i find the eigenvalue for this function?
Find the grad and solve it equal to the zero matrix for and .
Then find the Hessian:
and evaluate it at the critical points you found with the grad.
If the Hessian is positive definite, you have a minimum, if the Hessian is negative definite, you have a maximum.
(It's the equivalent of the second derivative test for a function of one variable).
You could check the eigenvalues though to check that it is a saddle point. It's only a saddle point if the Hessian has BOTH negative and positive eigenvalues.