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Math Help - Help with volume: solid of revolution

  1. #1
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    Help with volume: solid of revolution

    The problem asks us to find the volume of the area bounded by y=-x^2+6x-8 and y=0 rotated around the x-axis by using the shells method.

    I did this and got an answer of pi, to confirm the answer I used the disks method and got an answer of 16pi/15... please help by showing me how you do both methods.
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  2. #2
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    Quote Originally Posted by acfixerdude View Post
    The problem asks us to find the volume of the area bounded by y=-x^2+6x-8 and y=0 rotated around the x-axis by using the shells method.

    I did this and got an answer of pi, to confirm the answer I used the disks method and got an answer of 16pi/15... please help by showing me how you do both methods.

    You show me your work, and I'll show you mine.
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  3. #3
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    ok

    Quote Originally Posted by cribby View Post
    You show me your work, and I'll show you mine.
    the graph of the original equation rotated around the x axis kinda looks like a football... if I take shells to calculate volume, then I have shells centered around x=3 and from -y to y in height. So the height is 2y and the width is going to be 2pi*r where r=3-x if we're differentiating from 2 to 3. substitute for y and we get the integral from 2 to 3 of 2(-x^2+6x-8)*2pi(3-x)dx = pi

    using disks, the area of one disk is going to be pi*r^2 where r is going to be equal to y. A=pi(-x^2+6x-8)^2.... I set up the integral from 2 to 4 of pi(-x^2+6x-8)^2 dx = 16pi/15...

    What am I doing wrong?
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  4. #4
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    Quote Originally Posted by acfixerdude View Post
    the graph of the original equation rotated around the x axis kinda looks like a football... if I take shells to calculate volume, then I have shells centered around x=3 and from -y to y in height. So the height is 2y and the width is going to be 2pi*r where r=3-x if we're differentiating from 2 to 3. substitute for y and we get the integral from 2 to 3 of 2(-x^2+6x-8)*2pi(3-x)dx = pi

    using disks, the area of one disk is going to be pi*r^2 where r is going to be equal to y. A=pi(-x^2+6x-8)^2.... I set up the integral from 2 to 4 of pi(-x^2+6x-8)^2 dx = 16pi/15...

    What am I doing wrong?
    I think any "wrongness" is in the algebra of your calculation. I did this by disks and had the same set-up you describe for this method, but got

    \int_2^4 \pi (-(x-3)^2+1)\,dx\,=\,\pi (-\frac{1}{3}(x-3)^3+x)|_2^4\,=\,\frac{4 \pi }{3}:
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  5. #5
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    Quote Originally Posted by cribby View Post
    I think any "wrongness" is in the algebra of your calculation. I did this by disks and had the same set-up you describe for this method, but got

    \int_2^4 \pi (-(x-3)^2+1)\,dx\,=\,\pi (-\frac{1}{3}(x-3)^3+x)|_2^4\,=\,\frac{4 \pi }{3}:
    I don't understand how you set yours up, thanks for trying to help out... I spoke to my professor and he says that I was mistaken in trying to differentiate with respect to x and that to do it via shells I'd have to differentiate with respect to y... I can visualize it now and know why the shells don't work with x.

    Thanks
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