# Thread: Applications of Integration

1. ## Applications of Integration

I am posting this on behalf of vc15ao4 who seems to have problems posting.

Originally Posted by vc15ao4
I can't seem to figure out how to post in the forum. Every time I'm at the forum, it says I can't. I dont have enough access privledges it says?? Maybe you can help me with that, but i do have a few more problems i need help on

1) Evaluate the integral: (long looking s?) e^(ax+b)dx

2) Use a graphing utility to graph f(x)= 4-x/x. Then determine the area of the region in the first quadrant bounded by f, the xaxis, and x=1.

3) Use a graphing utility as an aid to sketch the region bounded by the fuction f(x)= 1/(square roof of 9-x^2) , the x axis, and the lines x=1, and x=2. Then calculate the area of the region
1) Evaluate the integral: (long looking s?) e^(ax+b)dx
i, and a lot of other people on this site, write the "long looking s" as "int" for integral--that is if we're not using LaTex.

there's a shortcut to find the integral of a function like this, that is a function where we have e raised to some polynomial in x with the highest power of x being 1, but its probably dangerous telling you that at this point, so let's do this the proper way, by substitution.

int{e^(ax+b)}dx
let u = ax + b
=> du = a dx ...........took the derivative of ax + b with respect to x
=> 1/a du = dx

so our integral becomes:

(1/a)*int{e^u}du
= (1/a)e^u + C
= (1/a)e^(ax + b) + C

2) Use a graphing utility to graph f(x)= 4-x/x. Then determine the area of the region in the first quadrant bounded by f, the xaxis, and x=1.
see the diagram below called areaquestion2, the shaded region is the region we want the area of.

we know that one of the limits of integration is x = 1, but what's the other? we need to find where (4 - x)/x cuts the x-axis. in other words, we want the point(s) where

y = (4 - x)/x intersects y = 0

=> (4 - x)/x = 0
=> 4 - x = 0
=> x = 4

so our limits of integration are 1 to 4

so A = int{(4 - x)/x}dx evaluated between 1 and 4
int{(4 - x)/x}dx
= int{4/x - 1}dx
= 4ln(x) - x + C evaluated between 1 and 4

=> A = 4ln(4) - 4 - 4ln(1) + 1
=> A = 4ln(4) - 3 ................ln(1) = 0

3) Use a graphing utility as an aid to sketch the region bounded by the fuction f(x)= 1/(square roof of 9-x^2) , the x axis, and the lines x=1, and x=2. Then calculate the area of the region
i'm almost certain i've done this exact problem on this site before...o well

by the way, it's "squareroot" not "square roof," but i guess that's an honest mistake

see the diagram below called areaquestion3, the shaded region is the part we want the area of

our limits of integration are obviously x = 1...2, so now

A = int{1/sqrt(9 - x^2)}dx

let's simplify this a bit, factor out the 9 out of the bottom of the squareroot, you'll see why

=> A = int{1/sqrt[9(1 - (x^2)/9]}dx ...........simplify a bit more
=> A = int{1/sqrt[9(1 - (x/3)^2)]}dx
=> A = int{1/[sqrt(9) * sqrt(1 - (x/3)^2)}dx ........you should be able to see it now, i was going for arcsine
=> A = (1/3)*int{1/sqrt(1 - (x/3)^2)}dx ..........i changed 1/sqrt(9) to 1/3 and factored it out

again, there's a shortcut here, but let's be proper

now let u = x/3
=> du = 1/3 dx
=> 3 du = dx
so our integral becomes:

(1/3)(3)int{1/sqrt(1 - u^2)}du

= arcsin(u) + C
= arcsin(x/3) + C .........now we evaluate between our limits

=> A = arcsin(2/3) - arcsin(1/3)

2. Originally Posted by Jhevon

int{e^(ax+b)}dx
let u = ax + b
=> du = a dx ...........took the derivative of ax + b with respect to x
=> 1/a du = dx
If a!=0

3. Originally Posted by ThePerfectHacker
If a!=0
correct.

if a = 0

then int{e^(ax+b)}dx = int{e^b}dx = xe^b + C ........since e^b is a constant