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Thread: [SOLVED] Quick easy integration question

  1. #1
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    [SOLVED] Quick easy integration question

    Is $\displaystyle \int \sin x \cos x = \frac{\sin^2 x}{2} $ ?

    Thanks.
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  2. #2
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    Integrate the product

    Sure easy
    $\displaystyle sinx*cosx = 0.5sin2x$
    Can you take it from here?
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  3. #3
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    Quote Originally Posted by Henryt999 View Post
    Sure easy
    $\displaystyle sinx*cosx = 0.5sin2x$
    Perhaps you could you give a more detailed explanation... Thanks.
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  4. #4
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    Quote Originally Posted by nunos View Post
    Is $\displaystyle \int \sin x \cos x = \frac{\sin^2 x}{2} $ ?

    Thanks.
    Almost, you need a constant of integration though

    $\displaystyle I = -\frac{1}{4}\cos (2x) + k = \frac{sin^2(x)}{2} + C$ where k is a constant and where $\displaystyle C = k - \frac{1}{4}$
    Last edited by e^(i*pi); Feb 2nd 2010 at 07:41 AM. Reason: misread original question
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  5. #5
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    Sure

    $\displaystyle 2sinx*cosx = sin2x$

    $\displaystyle \frac{2*sinx*cosx}{2}$ = $\displaystyle 0.5*sin(2x)$

    And you know how to integrate that?
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  6. #6
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    What I thought was using what I believe to be some sort of the "power rule".

    When one does $\displaystyle \int x = \int x . x' = \frac{x}{2}$

    so, one can apply that here:

    $\displaystyle \int \sin x \cos x = \int \sin x (\sin x)' = \frac{\sin^2 x}{2}$

    Is this thought process, correct, or have I made any mistake?

    Thanks in advance.
    Last edited by nunos; Feb 2nd 2010 at 08:02 AM. Reason: rewrited for more clarity
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  7. #7
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    Yes, that is correct. Let u= sin(x). Then du= cos(x) dx so your integral is
    $\displaystyle \int sin(x)cos(x) dx= \int u du= \frac{1}{2}u^2+ C= \frac{sin^2(x)}{2}+ C$.


    Note that you could also let u= cos(x). Then du= -sin(x)dx so your integral is
    $\displaystyle \int sin(x)cos(x)dx= \int cos(x) (sin(x)dx)= -\int u du= -\frac{1}{2}u^2+ C'= -\frac{cos^2(x)}{2}+ C'$.

    Since $\displaystyle cos^2(x)= 1- sin^2(x)$, $\displaystyle -\frac{cos^2(x)}{2}+ C'= -\frac{1}{2}+ \frac{sin^2(x)}{2}+ C'$. The two solutions are the same with C= C'- 1/2.


    Henryt999 was pointing to a completely different but still valid solution. Since sin(2x)= 2sin(x)cos(x), sin(x)cos(x)= (1/2)sin(2x) and your integral becomes $\displaystyle \frac{1}{2}\int sin(2x)dx$. Now let u= 2x so that du= 2 dx and dx= (1/2)du. Your integral is

    $\displaystyle \frac{1}{2}\int sin(2x)dx= \frac{1}{2}\int u (\frac{1}{2}du)$$\displaystyle = \frac{1}{4}\int sin(u)du= -\frac{1}{4}cos(u)+ C''= -\frac{1}{4}cos(2x)+ C''$.

    But, now, $\displaystyle cos(2x)= cos^2(x)- sin^2(x)$ so that solution is the same as $\displaystyle \frac{1}{4}(cos^2(x)- sin^2(x))+ C''$. Replacing $\displaystyle sin^2(x)$ with $\displaystyle 1- cos^2(x)$, that becomes $\displaystyle \frac{1}{4}(cos^2(x)- 1+ cos^(x))+ C''$$\displaystyle = \frac{1}{4}(2 cos^2(x)- 1)+ C''= \frac{cos^2(x)}{2}+ C''- \frac{1}{4}$, the same as our second solution with $\displaystyle C'= C''- \frac{1}{4}$ and so the same as our first solution with $\displaystyle C= C''- \frac{3}{4}$.
    Last edited by HallsofIvy; Feb 2nd 2010 at 08:48 AM.
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  8. #8
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    Thanks HallsofIvy for your very clear explanation. I get it you know.
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