# Using epsilon-N definition to prove limits

• Oct 19th 2009, 08:21 AM
leftfootwonder7
Using epsilon-N definition to prove limits
Hi,
im stuck with a question on proving a limit of a sequence. Here it is:

Use the epsilon-N definition of a limit to prove that:

lim(n>infinity) n+5/n^2 + 2 = 0.

For epsilon = 1/25 give N such that for all n>=N it follows that:

|n+5/n^2 + 2| < epsilon.

Not sure how to start really. Any help would be appreciated. Thanks
• Oct 19th 2009, 08:55 AM
tonio
Quote:

Originally Posted by leftfootwonder7
Hi,
im stuck with a question on proving a limit of a sequence. Here it is:

Use the epsilon-N definition of a limit to prove that:

lim(n>infinity) n+5/n^2 + 2 = 0.

For epsilon = 1/25 give N such that for all n>=N it follows that:

|n+5/n^2 + 2| < epsilon.

Not sure how to start really. Any help would be appreciated. Thanks

Let $\epsilon > 0$ be arbitrary. We want to show that for all but a finite number of indexes $n$ we have

$\mid\frac{n+5}{n^2+2}\mid<\epsilon$

As the expression between the absolute value is always positive we can drop the abs. value, so cross multiplying we get:

$n+5 <\epsilon n^2 + 2\epsilon \Longleftrightarrow \epsilon n^2-n+2\epsilon -5 >0$

Tonio
• Oct 29th 2009, 04:05 PM
Roam
Quote:

Originally Posted by tonio

Let $\epsilon > 0$ be arbitrary. We want to show that for all but a finite number of indexes $n$ we have

$\mid\frac{n+5}{n^2+2}\mid<\epsilon$

As the expression between the absolute value is always positive we can drop the abs. value, so cross multiplying we get:

$n+5 <\epsilon n^2 + 2\epsilon \Longleftrightarrow \epsilon n^2-n+2\epsilon -5 >0$

Tonio

Hi Tonio, I don't understand why we couldn't just use the fact that:

$
\frac{n+5}{n^2+2}< \frac{n+5}{n^2} = \frac{6}{n} < \epsilon
$

And then we can take $N= \frac{6}{\epsilon}$

??
• Oct 29th 2009, 07:26 PM
tonio
Quote:

Originally Posted by Roam
Hi Tonio, I don't understand why we couldn't just use the fact that:

$
\frac{n+5}{n^2+2}< \frac{n+5}{n^2} = \frac{6}{n} < \epsilon
$

And then we can take $N= \frac{6}{\epsilon}$

??

Who says we couldn't? Of course we could, it's just that you saw it and I didn't.(Wink)

Of course, you meant above $\frac{5+n}{n^2} \leq \frac{6}{n}$, and not equality.