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Math Help - Application

  1. #1
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    Application

    I have posted a problem below and my attempt could someone please tell me if I am going wrong and where. Thanks

    An automobile of mass 650 kg is acted on by a net force (F) given by F = 800 - 40.0t, where t is in seconds and F is in Newtons. At t=0, the velocity of the automobile is 5.00m/s.

    a) Find the acceleration of the automobile at t=10.0s

    800-40(t) / 650 = 400/650 = .615 m/s^2

    b) Find the velocity of the automobile at t=10.0s

    .615t = .615(10s) =6.15 m/s

    c) Find the distance covered in this time.

    x = (1/2)V*t
    (1/2)(6.15)(10) = 30.75 m

    d) At what time will the automobile be moving with a velocity of 15.0 m/s

    V=at

    t=V/a = 15/.615
    t= 24 s
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  2. #2
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    Quote Originally Posted by ur5pointos2slo View Post
    I have posted a problem below and my attempt could someone please tell me if I am going wrong and where. Thanks

    An automobile of mass 650 kg is acted on by a net force (F) given by F = 800 - 40.0t, where t is in seconds and F is in Newtons. At t=0, the velocity of the automobile is 5.00m/s.

    a) Find the acceleration of the automobile at t=10.0s

    800-40(t) / 650 = 400/650 = .615 m/s^2

    b) Find the velocity of the automobile at t=10.0s

    .615t = .615(10s) =6.15 m/s

    c) Find the distance covered in this time.

    x = (1/2)V*t
    (1/2)(6.15)(10) = 30.75 m

    d) At what time will the automobile be moving with a velocity of 15.0 m/s

    V=at

    t=V/a = 15/.615
    t= 24 s
    The question never mentioned the direction of the applied force in relation to the direction of the velocity... so I'll simply do the next steps in assumption that the force is in the same direction as the velocity.

    (a) is correct, the rest are not. You should note that because the force applied on the automobile is not constant, neither is the acceleration, and thus v=at is not correct.

    For (b):

    \sum F = ma \Rightarrow a(t) = \frac{F}{m} = \frac{800-40t}{650}
    v = \int a(t)dt = \int \frac{800-40t}{650}dt = \frac{800}{650}t - \frac{20}{650}t^2 + C. Since v_0 = 5ms^{-1}, we get that C=5.
    So we get: v(t = 10) = \frac{80}{65}t - \frac{2}{65}t^2 + 5 = \frac{800}{65} - \frac{200}{65} + 5 = \frac{800-200}{65} + 5 = 5+\frac{600}{65} = 14.23ms^{-1}

    To solve (c), simply find x(t) = \int v(t)dt and substitute t = 10 into the expression that you get.

    (d) v(t) = \frac{80}{65}t - \frac{2}{65}t^2 + 5 = 15. Solve the quadratic with respect to t.
    Last edited by Defunkt; October 13th 2009 at 10:55 AM. Reason: typo
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  3. #3
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    I am not sure why but when I try to recalculate the velocity for myself I am getting 14.23 m/s.

    (80/65)(10) - (2/65)*10^2 + 5 = 14.23?
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  5. #5
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    Quote Originally Posted by ur5pointos2slo View Post
    I am not sure why but when I try to recalculate the velocity for myself I am getting 14.23 m/s.

    (80/65)(10) - (2/65)*10^2 + 5 = 14.23?
    Yes, you're correct... that was stupid on my part. Fixed the original post now.
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  6. #6
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    Quote Originally Posted by Defunkt View Post
    Yes, you're correct... that was stupid on my part. Fixed the original post now.
    Not a problem. I calculated it about 5 times over and once got the 3.154 so I must have typed it in wrong myself. Thanks for your help.
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