# General Flux Vector

• Sep 22nd 2009, 06:15 AM
Maccaman
General Flux Vector
Let $\rho = \rho_0 + \rho_1 \sin(\omega t)$ be the density of oxygen in a spherical shell with inner radius a and outer radius b.

Find the total amount of oxygen, Q(t) in this shell for any time t.

Find the most general flux vector of the form
$\vec{J}(x,y,x,t) = f(r,t)(\vec{r}) \ \mbox{where} \ r = \sqrt{x^2 +y^2 + z^2}$ and $\vec{r} = x\vec{i} + y\vec{j} + z\vec{k}$ such that

$\frac{\delta \rho}{\delta t} + \ \mbox{div} \ \vec{J} = 0$

If at any time and anywhere on the the outer surface of the shell $(r=b)$ the flux vector satisfies $\vec{J}$. $\vec{r} = \frac{\omega}{3b} \sin (\omega t)$ then

$f(r,t) = \frac{\omega}{3r^3} (\rho_1 (b^3 - r^3) \cos (\omega t) + \sin (\omega t))$

Show that the total flux into the spherical shell per unit time is equal to

$\frac{d Q(t)}{dt}$
• Oct 3rd 2009, 11:14 PM
Maccaman
Quote:

Originally Posted by Maccaman
Let $\rho = \rho_0 + \rho_1 \sin(\omega t)$ be the density of oxygen in a spherical shell with inner radius a and outer radius b.

Find the total amount of oxygen, Q(t) in this shell for any time t.
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This could be wrong but here is what I have got:

$Q(t) = \iiint\limits_V \ \rho \ dv = \rho_0 + \rho_1 \sin (\omega t) \iiint\limits_V \ \rho \ dv = (\rho_0 + \rho_1 \sin (\omega t)) \frac{4}{3}\pi (b-a)^3$

Is that correct? If not, could somebody please show me where I went wrong?
Thanks
• Oct 4th 2009, 06:55 AM
Jester
Quote:

Originally Posted by Maccaman
This could be wrong but here is what I have got:

$Q(t) = \iiint\limits_V \ \rho \ dv = \rho_0 + \rho_1 \sin (\omega t) \iiint\limits_V \ \rho \ dv = (\rho_0 + \rho_1 \sin (\omega t)) \frac{4}{3}\pi (b-a)^3$

Is that correct? If not, could somebody please show me where I went wrong?
Thanks

I think it should be
$Q(t) = \left( \rho_0 + \rho_1 \sin (\omega t)\right) \frac{4}{3}\pi (b^3-a^3)$