You have to know that for your basic logarithm function the asymptote is at x = 0. The only way that it would change is if we have a horizontal shift. Do we in ? (In other words what do the 3, 5, and +2 do?) If you can answer that, then you have the answer to the problem.
As for #9,
Here's a hint: two of the choices can be eliminated because they do not have vertical asymptotes at all (instead, they only have a horizontal asymptote). Do you know which 2?Which one of the following functions has a graph with a veritcal asymptote with equation x = b?