Originally Posted by
spidermonkey 1.
Originally Posted by
spidermonkey
If anyone could help me to show me how to solve these that would be great cause im a little stuck at the moment
IMO, you can learn more with a demonstration of the concepts necessary to solve the problems, than if you're given the solutions.
Solving problem #1 involves five concepts you should already be familiar with: 1. simplifying and multiplying fractions; 2. the rules of signs; 3. multiplying terms with variables; 4. factoring polynomial terms; and 5. multiplying binomials (unless you're required to present your answer in simplified form).
If you recall, multiplying fractions is a simple matter of multiplying the numerators together, and the denominators together. If the factors were numbers instead of variables, you would simply do this:To multiply
, we first want to see if either fraction can be reduced.
have a greatest common factor of
.
So,
. Therefore, .
If we write
symbolically, we would say,
, then
.
So,
and
share the common factor
.
Multiplying the denominators together in problem #1 is "distributing multiplication over subtraction" by the Distributive Property, and multiplying the numerators together is the multiplication of two binomials. Also, remember from your rules of signs thatAn example of the Distributive Property is in: .
Distributing (multiplying) the across and produces . Reversing the process, you can factor the greatest common factor out of to produce .
An example of binomial multiplication is in:
Most simple binomials can be multiplied with the F.O.I.L. method, which multiplies the First Terms, then the Outer Terms, then the Inner Terms, then the Last Terms. Finally, you simplify the expression:
=
;
Let's simplify the two center terms. 1 is a silent or understood coefficient and since, by the Commutative Property , then . So,
=
Therefore,
I find it less error prone to multiply binomials vertically like in standard multiplication, instead of using F.O.I.L., especially with complex binomials. Consider the non-complex (trivial) example, . : Note: that in the addition rows, the variable terms
and
are in separate columns, unlike numerical multiplication where they would be stacked and added together. This, because you can only add terms that have identical variables of the same power.
Now, apply these concepts to solve your given problem. Enjoy.
Hint: If you will first simplify by cancellation, and factor the numerator and denominator of , it will be easier.