solve by addition method indicate whether it is independent, inconsistent or depnedent,
x+3(y-1)=11
2(x-y+8y=28
I'm going to simplify these equations a touch:
$\displaystyle x + 3y = 14$
$\displaystyle 2x + 6y = 28$
Note that if we multiply the top equation by 2 we get:
$\displaystyle 2x + 6y = 28$
which is just the same as the second equation.
This means we have an infinite number of solutions to x and y, all lying on the line $\displaystyle y = -\frac{1}{3}x + \frac{14}{3}$. You'd have to look up the definitions of dependent and independent. But I can say that the system is NOT inconsistent since we have at least one solution.
-Dan
x = 14
y = 0
Note the gausselim (echelon form) is x + 3y = 14 // -5y = 0;
I agree with topsquark when he says that the system is not inconsistent (and thus consistent), since we have at least one solution. In fact, we have exactly one solution. Setting up the matrix of coefficients for the above and then augmenting it, we can clearly see when row reducing it that there are no pivots in the augmented column, thus it is consistent. Further, we know it is linearly INDEPENDENT since there are no free variables and the columns span R^2.