1. ## Dilution Dilemma

I am trying to find a formula to calculate dilution rates.

I know if I add 5 litres of a 20% solution to 15 litres of water I get a 5% solution because I have been told.

However if possible I would like the formula for the above example so I can calculate it for myself and workout for different final solution rates.

Can anyone help me please or point me in the right direction.

2. Dilution Factor = New Volume/Old Volume

New concentration = Old Concentration/Dilution Factor

3. Many thanks Pim.

But as my name suggests - I am not that quick.

With the numbers I already have - would you put them into those formulae please - so I can see what values come from where.

4. Hi

Let $\tau_1$ and $V_1$ be the dilution factor and the volume before dilution

The quantity of I-don't-know-what inside the water is $\tau_1\:V_1$

When you add $V_2$ litres of water the dilution factor becomes
$\tau = \frac{\tau_1\:V_1}{V_1+V_2}$

$\frac{0.20\:\cdot\:5}{5+15} = 0.05$

5. Thank you - that really has cleared up a problem I have been trying to work out for months.