A ship left a port & sailed at the rate of 20 miles per hour. one hour later, a second ship left the same port at the rate of 25 miles per hour, also traveling east. in how many hours did the second ship overtake the first ship?
A ship left a port & sailed at the rate of 20 miles per hour. one hour later, a second ship left the same port at the rate of 25 miles per hour, also traveling east. in how many hours did the second ship overtake the first ship?
Rate * Time = Distance
The first ship leaves an hour before the second so it has an hour head start
The equation for the first ship should be 20 * ( t + 1 ) = Distance
The second ship will have an equation like 25 * t = Distance
We can find the time at which both ships are at the same Distance by setting the equations equal to each other
20 * ( t + 1 ) = 25 * t
20*t + 20 = 25*t subtract 20t from both sides and we have 20 = 5t finally divide both sides by 5 and get t = 4
Plug 4 back into either equation and you will see that at 100 miles out they are together
Almost forgot, in relation to the first ship, the second will over take it in 5 hours (remember (t + 1))