# Math Help - How do you get from one stage to the other.

1. ## How do you get from one stage to the other.

I've always been useless with logs, help please! How did they get from line one to line two?

Thanks in advance!

2. Originally Posted by bluebiro
I've always been useless with logs, help please! How did they get from line one to line two?

Thanks in advance!
Only the two fractions in the bracket are collected:

$-\dfrac14\left(\dfrac1{x+1}+\dfrac1{x-1}\right) = -\dfrac14\left(\dfrac{x-1 + x+1}{(x+1)(x-1)}\right) = -\dfrac14\left(\dfrac{2x}{x^2-1}\right) = -\dfrac12\left(\dfrac{x}{x^2-1}\right)$