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Math Help - Cardano's Formula - please help

  1. #1
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    Cardano's Formula - please help

    I've used Cardano's formula to determine an exact zero of
    cube root 4 - cube root 2
    The thing i need to do now is "check that it is indeed a zero of the function", I'm not sure how I'm supposed to do that. Isn't that what the point of finding the exact zero was?
    If anyone could help me out here I'd really appreciate it.
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    Quote Originally Posted by sugar_babee View Post
    I've used Cardano's formula to determine an exact zero of
    cube root 4 - cube root 2
    The thing i need to do now is "check that it is indeed a zero of the function", I'm not sure how I'm supposed to do that. Isn't that what the point of finding the exact zero was?
    If anyone could help me out here I'd really appreciate it.
    Ummm...polynomials have zeros. cubrt(4) - cubrt(2) isn't a polynomial.

    -Dan
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    The Cardano's formula is for finding one exact zero of a cubic polynomial, I'd type it out here but i don't know how to do all the curt and sqrt symbols etc, I know that this isn't wrong because it's an example question on my worksheet, I'm just not sure how to prove it like it's asking me to because I can't set the curt numbers to zero or sub them in or anything to make sure it's a root

    curt 4 - curt 2 is the zero, not the polynomial, i need to know how to prove this
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    Quote Originally Posted by sugar_babee View Post
    The Cardano's formula is for finding one exact zero of a cubic polynomial, I'd type it out here but i don't know how to do all the curt and sqrt symbols etc, I know that this isn't wrong because it's an example question on my worksheet, I'm just not sure how to prove it like it's asking me to because I can't set the curt numbers to zero or sub them in or anything to make sure it's a root

    curt 4 - curt 2 is the zero, not the polynomial, i need to know how to prove this
    You prove it by putting the zero back into the polynomial. As for symbols, try this:
    ax^3 + bx^2 + cx + d

    x = 4^(1/3) - 2^(1/3)

    It'll look nasty, but that's probably the best way to type it. Give me the polynomial and I'll walk you through it.

    -Dan
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    okay, the polynomial isnt that bad, i was afraid to try putting cardano's on here It's f(x) = x^3 + 6x -2
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    Quote Originally Posted by sugar_babee View Post
    okay, the polynomial isnt that bad, i was afraid to try putting cardano's on here It's f(x) = x^3 + 6x -2
    For the first term by term I get:
    [4^(1/3)-2^(1/3)]^3 = 4 - 3*4^(2/3)*2^(1/3) + 3*4^(1/3)*2^(2/3) - 2
    [4^(1/3)-2^(1/3)]^3 = 2 - 3*4^(2/3)*2^(1/3) + 3*4^(1/3)*2^(2/3)

    Now 4 = 2^2 so
    [4^(1/3)-2^(1/3)]^3 = 2 - 3*2^(4/3)*2(1/3) + 3*2^(2/3)*2(2/3)
    [4^(1/3)-2^(1/3)]^3 = 2 - 3*2^(5/3) + 3*2^(4/3)

    So
    x^3 + 6x - 2 =
    2 - 3*2^(5/3) + 3*2^(4/3) + 6*4^(1/3) - 6*2^(1/3) - 2

    = -3*2^(5/3) + 3*2^(4/3) + 6*2^(2/3) - 6*2^(1/3)

    and 6 = 3*2 = 3*2^(3/3) so the above is

    = -3*2^(5/3) + 3*2^(4/3) + 3*2^(5/3) - 3*2^(4/3) = 0.

    -Dan
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    Thanks a lot for your help, I understand it better now
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    Quote Originally Posted by sugar_babee View Post
    Thanks a lot for your help, I understand it better now
    I'm pleased to be of assistance. (I used to hate doing those myself.)

    -Dan
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    Actually, i looked it over, could you explain to me real quick what you did to get the first equation

    [4^(1/3)-2^(1/3)]^3 = 4 - 3*4^(2/3)*2^(1/3) + 3*4^(1/3)*2^(2/3) - 2

    I know that ^1/3 is the same as a cube root, but i don't get why you cubed the left side, and i don't see what happened to get the right side
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    Quote Originally Posted by sugar_babee View Post
    Actually, i looked it over, could you explain to me real quick what you did to get the first equation

    [4^(1/3)-2^(1/3)]^3 = 4 - 3*4^(2/3)*2^(1/3) + 3*4^(1/3)*2^(2/3) - 2

    I know that ^1/3 is the same as a cube root, but i don't get why you cubed the left side, and i don't see what happened to get the right side
    He used Binomial Theorem for n=3
    On a more elementary level,
    (x-y)^3=x^3-3x^2y+3xy-y^3

    Also
    [2^(1/3)]^3=2
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