Find an integer d such that the equation x^3 + 4x^2 - 9x + d = 0 has two roots that are additive inverses of each other.
Does anyone know how to do this?
yup
first recall what additive inverses are. the additive inverse of a number $\displaystyle a$ is $\displaystyle -a$.
also recall that a cubic where the coefficient of $\displaystyle x^3$ is 1 can be written as $\displaystyle (x - r_1)(x - r_2)(x - r_3) = 0$ where $\displaystyle r_1,r_2, $ and $\displaystyle r_3$ are the roots (not necessarily all real) of the equation.
so let $\displaystyle a$ and $\displaystyle -a$ be the two special roots. call the other root $\displaystyle b$. thus we have
$\displaystyle (x - a)(x + a)(x - b) = 0$
$\displaystyle \Rightarrow x^3 - bx^2 - a^2 x + ab = 0$
now equate coefficients to get the values of $\displaystyle a$ and $\displaystyle b$, and hence find $\displaystyle d$