Thread: Guyz i need help T_T... urgenttt T_T

1. Guyz i need help T_T... urgenttt T_T

1.) Lita is fifteen yrs older than her sister Tess. Six years ago, Lita was 6 times as old as Tess. Find Their present ages...

2.) Fred is 3 times as old as his sister Mary. Four years ago, he was five times as old as his sister. Determine their present ages...

2. Solve

1. x - 6 = 6(x - 6 - 15) for Lita's present age

2. 5(x - 4) = 3x - 4 for Mary's present age

3. Hello, EA!

I assume your difficulty is the set-up.
Try setting up the facts in a table . . .

1.) Lita is fifteen yrs older than her sister Tess.
Six years ago, Lita was 6 times as old as Tess.
Find Their present ages.

Make a row for each person in the problem: Lita and Tess.
Code:
        |
- - - - + - - - - - - - - -
Lita |
- - - - + - - - - - - - - -
Tess |
- - - - + - - - - - - - - -

Make a column for each time period in the problem:
. . Now and sometime in the Past.
Code:
        |   Now   |  Past |
- - - - + - - - - + - - - +
Lita |         |       |
- - - - + - - - - + - - - +
Tess |         |       |
- - - - + - - - - + - - - +

"Lita is 15 years older than Tess."
. . Let $\displaystyle x$ = Tess' age (now).
. . Then $\displaystyle x+15$ = Lita's age (now).
Write those in the "Now" column.
Code:
        |   Now   |  Past |
- - - - + - - - - + - - - +
Lita |  x + 15 |       |
- - - - + - - - - + - - - +
Tess |    x    |       |
- - - - + - - - - + - - - +

Six years ago, they were both six years younger.
. . Lita was $\displaystyle x + 9$ and Tess was $\displaystyle x - 6$.
Write those in the "Past" column.
Code:
        |   Now   |  Past |
- - - - + - - - - + - - - +
Lita |  x + 15 | x + 9 |
- - - - + - - - - + - - - +
Tess |    x    | x - 6 |
- - - - + - - - - + - - - +

The equation always comes from the last column.

We are told: Six years ago, Lita was six times Tess.
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . $\displaystyle \downarrow\quad\;\;\downarrow\quad\;\downarrow \quad\;\,\downarrow\qquad\;\;\downarrow$
and there is our equation: .$\displaystyle x + 9 \:= \:\;\;6\quad\times\quad(x - 6)$

Now try it on the second problem . . .

4. Edit
Thanks a lot sir !!