1. ## Rational expression

the problem is to simplify

(9x^2-12x / x^2+1) * (2x^2+2 / 9x^2+6x-24)

the answer is 2x / x+2

i just have no clue how to reach that conclusion...im really close though...im stuck at

2x(3x-4) / 3x^2+2x-8

any help would be great

thanks

2. Hello

Just before getting this result, you had something which looked like $\displaystyle \frac{6x(3x-4)}{9x^2+6x-24}$ (otherwise multiply the fraction by $\displaystyle \frac{3}{3}$ )

One can notice that the denominator is the beginning of the development of a square like $\displaystyle (a+b)^2=a^2+2ab+b^2$ : $\displaystyle 9x^2+6x-24=(3x)^2+2\cdot3\cdot x-24$. You should try to complete it and see what happens.

3. Originally Posted by silencecloak
the problem is to simplify

(9x^2-12x / x^2+1) * (2x^2+2 / 9x^2+6x-24)

the answer is 2x / x+2

i just have no clue how to reach that conclusion...im really close though...im stuck at

2x(3x-4) / 3x^2+2x-8

any help would be great

thanks
Hello,

Factor 3x²+2x-8.

$\displaystyle \Delta=4+4\cdot8=6^2$

--> $\displaystyle x_1=\frac{-2+6}{6}$ and $\displaystyle x_2=\frac{-2-6}{6}$

$\displaystyle 3x^2+2x-8=3(x-x_1)(x-x_2)$

4. $\displaystyle \frac{9x^2-12x}{x^2 +1}\cdot\frac{2x^2+2}{9x^2+6x-24}$

Factorise all.

$\displaystyle \frac{3x(3x-4)}{x^2 +1}\cdot\frac{2(x^2+1)}{3(x+2)(3x-4)}$

5. ah i totally forgot how to factor quadrilaterals with bigger numbers in front of the x2

the way i did it was to take $\displaystyle 9x^2+6x-24$ break it to $\displaystyle 3(3x^2+2x-8)$

then i did $\displaystyle 3*-8 = -24$ and found the two factors of -24 that equal 2, 6 and -4

so i had $\displaystyle (3x^2 +6x) (-4x -8)$ which factors to $\displaystyle 3x(x+2)-4(x+2) = (3x-4)(x+2)$

add the 3 in front of it again from the first factor and i got my answer

this is how i remember being taught, but is there a faster/more efficient way to come up with this factor?

and thank you all for the quick help

PS: flyingsquirrel & moo - Im not sure I really understand either of your posts :/ Moo's being the more confusing of the two

6. Originally Posted by silencecloak
PS: flyingsquirrel & moo - Im not sure I really understand either of your posts :/ Moo's being the more confusing of the two
$\displaystyle (a+b)^2=a^2+2ab+b^2$ (1)
when you look at $\displaystyle \underbrace{9x^2}_{a^2}+\underbrace{2\cdot 3x \cdot1}_{2ab}-24$, you may notice that with $\displaystyle a=3x$ and $\displaystyle b=1$, the beginning of the expression looks like the beginning of (1).
The idea is to complete the square, that's to say to write $\displaystyle 9x^2+6x-24=\underbrace{9x^2}_{a^2}+\underbrace{2\cdot 3x\cdot1}_{2ab}+\underbrace{1}_{b^2}-24-1$.
It gives us $\displaystyle 9x^2+6x-24=(3x+1)^2-25=(3x+1)^2-5^2=(3x+1+5)(3x+1-5)$ which brings the simplifications you were looking for.

this is how i remember being taught, but is there a faster/more efficient way to come up with this factor?
Using Moo's advice : finding the root(s) of the polynomial and then factoring it. (if $\displaystyle x_1$ and $\displaystyle x_2$ are the two roots of the polynomial, ($\displaystyle x_1=x_2$ allowed) $\displaystyle 9x^2+6x-24=9(x-x_1)(x-x_2)$)

7. PS: flyingsquirrel & moo - Im not sure I really understand either of your posts :/ Moo's being the more confusing of the two
It's a method you can understand only if you've already studied it

If you are interested : Solve Quadratic Equations Using Discriminants (1)

Good luck

8. I see how Moo's method would help me find the roots but I still don't get how after i have the roots i would come up with the factor of the polynomial.

Granted on this problem I dont think I could use that method anyway, considering the test im studying for does not allow calculators and the roots arent the easier numbers to deal with.

9. Originally Posted by silencecloak
I see how Moo's method would help me find the roots but I still don't get how after i have the roots i would come up with the factor of the polynomial.
If $\displaystyle x_1$ and $\displaystyle x_2$ are the roots of $\displaystyle ax^2+bx+c$, we have the equality : $\displaystyle ax^2+bx+c=a(x-x_1)(x-x_2)$

Granted on this problem I dont think I could use that method anyway, considering the test im studying for does not allow calculators and the roots arent the easier numbers to deal with.
Here, the roots were "easy" to calculate

$\displaystyle x_1=\frac{-2+6}{6}=\frac 23$

$\displaystyle x_2=\frac{-2-6}{6}=\frac{-4}{3}$

Hence $\displaystyle 3x^2+2x-8=3(x+\frac 43)(x-\frac 23)$

But don't use it if you haven't studied it yet, it'd be dangerous for your test

10. Originally Posted by Moo
If $\displaystyle x_1$ and $\displaystyle x_2$ are the roots of $\displaystyle ax^2+bx+c$, we have the equality : $\displaystyle ax^2+bx+c=a(x-x_1)(x-x_2)$

Here, the roots were "easy" to calculate

$\displaystyle x_1=\frac{-2+6}{6}=\frac 23$

$\displaystyle x_2=\frac{-2-6}{6}=\frac{-4}{3}$

Hence $\displaystyle 3x^2+2x-8=3(x+\frac 43)(x-\frac 23)$

But don't use it if you haven't studied it yet, it'd be dangerous for your test
Oh, well ya I see that but I got lost on how to take that to the next step so I can cross cancel other factors with it.

Thank you for taking the time to explain it to me though.