Calculate the last decimal digit of

111333 +333111

Printable View

- March 11th 2008, 11:06 PMasw-88last decimal digit
Calculate the last decimal digit of

111333 +333111 - March 11th 2008, 11:16 PMMathnasium
Have you tried exploring much smaller powers of each of those numbers?

111^1 = 111

111^2 = 12321

111^3 = 1367631

...

111^6 = 1870414552161

Seems relatively safe to say that 111^n (where n is an integer) ends in a 1. Makes sense, considering the ones digit is always going to be a product of previous 1s digits, which are all 1. No matter how many 1s you multiply together, you still end up with a 1s digit of 1.

Now, 333 is a little trickier, since multiplying a bunch of 3s together gets you a number that ends in:

3^1 = 3

3^2 = 9

3^3 = 27

3^4 = 81

3^5 = 243

3^6 = 729

3^7 = 2187

3^8 = 6561

...

Check out the last digits there - they end in 3, 9, 7, 1, 3, 9, 7, 1 - looks like a pattern that repeats after each group of four numbers.

I'll leave it to you to determine, using the pattern, where 333^111 might fall.